Università della Svizzera italiana

Essays on outpatient antibiotic consumption

Gonzalez Ortiz, Laura Guadalupe ; Filippini, Massimo (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2011 ; 2011ECO011.

Inappropriate use of antibiotic leads to the development of bacterial resistance, which undermines antibiotic effectiveness and increases the cost for society. The aim of this thesis is to investigate economic aspects of antibiotic consumption in the community. The research is divided in three essays. In the first essay we focus on determinants of antibiotic use in Italy and the spillover...

Università della Svizzera italiana

An empirical analysis of habit and addiction to antibiotics

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano

In: Empirical economics, 2012, vol. 42, no. 2, p. 471-486

Because of bacterial resistance, current antibiotic consumption is reinforced by past use, and future utility is lower. The purpose of this article is to provide evidence on habit and addictive behavior toward antibiotics by exploring variations in the average consumption of antibiotics across 20 Italian regions. Using a balanced panel data set (2000–2009), we estimate myopic and rational...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Disentangling spillover effects of antibiotic consumption : a spatial panel approach

Masiero, Giuliano ; González, Laura

Literature on socioeconomic determinants of antibiotic consumption in the community is limited to few countries using cross-sectional data. This paper analyses regional variations in outpatient antibiotics in Italy using a balanced panel dataset covering the period 2000-2008. We specify an econometric model where antibiotic consumption depends upon demographic and socioeconomic characteristics...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Estimating dynamic consumption of antibiotics using panel data : the shadow effect of bacterial resistance

Filippini, Massimo ; Laura Guadalupe Gonzales Ortiz ; Masiero, Giuliano

To some extent, antibiotics are similar to addictive goods, since current consumption is reinforced by past use because of bacterial resistance, which represents a growing concern in many countries. The purpose of this paper is to explore how consumers adjust their current level of antibiotic consumption towards desired levels over time. We construct a balanced panel dataset (2000-2007) for 20...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Regional differences in outpatient antibiotic consumption in Switzerland

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Moschetti, Karine

This paper investigates regional variations in outpatient antibiotic use and provides a first empirical analysis based on Swiss data. We compare Swiss antibiotic consumption with antibiotic use in other European countries and present descriptive statistics at cantonal level. Preliminary findings show that Switzerland exhibits relatively low levels of consumption. There are significant...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Socioeconomic determinants of regional differences in outpatient antibiotic consumption : evidence from Switzerland.

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Moschetti, Karine

This paper investigates the determinants of regional variations in outpatient antibiotic consumption using Swiss data. The analysis contributes to the debate on appropriate antibiotic use by improving the understanding of its determinants, and may help to define more effective health care policies to reduce the resistance phenomenon. Findings suggest that Switzerland exhibits relatively low...