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Università della Svizzera italiana

The impact of ambient air pollution on hospital admissions

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Steinbach, Sandro

In: European Journal of Health Economics, 2019, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 919-931

Ambient air pollution is the environmental factor with the most significant impact on human health. Several epidemiological studies provide evidence for an association between ambient air pollution and human health. However, the recent economic literature has challenged the identification strategy used in these studies. This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion by investigating the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The impact of ambient air pollution on hospital admissions

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Steinbach, Sandro

In: European Journal of Health Economics

Ambient air pollution is the environmental factor with the most significant impact on human health. Several epidemiological studies provide evidence for an association between ambient air pollution and human health. However, the recent economic literature has challenged the identification strategy used in these studies. This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion by investigating the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The effect of local growth in antidepressant consumption on mental health outcomes

Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio ; Steinbach, Sandro ; Verbeek, Olaf

Despite growing skepticism regarding the efficacy of antidepressants, global consumption is increasing at an unprecedented path with unknown implications for society. We estimate the causal effect of this increase on mental health outcomes using an IV strategy that exploits detailed drug sales data from Switzerland between 2002 and 2014. Our instrument, a modified version of the popular...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Earthquakes, grants and public expenditure : how municipalities respond to natural disasters

Masiero, Giuliano ; Santarossa, Michael

We analyze the response of municipalities to the occurrence of natural disasters (earthquakes) in Italy, in terms of spending behavior, use of upper tier transfers and recovery. We find evidence of increasing expenditure for about 12 years after the shock, with asymmetric responses between matching (earthquake-related) and unconditional grants, and heterogeneous flypaper effects across the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

What drives the rise of antidepressant consumption? Evidence from Switzerland

Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio ; Verbeek, Olaf

Antidepressant (AD) consumption has been steadily increasing in the last decade in most countries. The explanations suggested by researchers for this increment are still under scrutiny. This study attempts to identify the determinants of AD consumption by exploiting small area variations from Switzerland between 2003 and 2014. We observe that two specific drugs - Citalopram and Escitalopram -...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The role of culture in long-term care arrangement decisions

Gentili, Elena ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio

In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2017, vol. 143, p. 186-200

In this paper, we show how and to what extent cultural factors may influence the LTC market and elderly living arrangements. Using a spatial regression discontinuity design, we exploit the within-state variation in language groups in Switzerland to provide evidence about cultural differences in LTC use. We show that elderly people residing in regions speaking a Latin language (French, Italian...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Habits and rational behavior in residential electricity demand

Filippini, Massimo ; Hirl, Bettina ; Masiero, Giuliano

In: Resource and Energy Economics, 2018, vol. 52, p. 137-152

Households make an investment analysis when buying new electrical appliances. Therefore, expectations about future electricity consumption may have an impact on current consumption and investment decisions. Dynamic partial adjustment models of residential electricity demand neglect rational consumer behavior. In this paper we propose a model for residential electricity demand that allows for...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The role of culture in long-term care

Gentili, Elena ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio

The aim of this paper is to assess the role of culture in shaping individual preferences to- wards different long-term care (LTC) arrangements. The analysis uses Swiss data from two administrative databases covering the universe of formal LTC providers between 2007 and 2013. Switzerland is a multi-cultural confederation where state administrative borders do not always coincide with cultural...