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Università della Svizzera italiana

Dependence of immunoglobulin class switch recombination in B Cells on vesicular release of ATP and CD73 ectonucleotidase activity

Schena, Francesca ; Volpi, Stefano ; Faliti, Caterina Elisa ; Penco, Federica ; Santi, Spartaco ; Proietti, Michele ; Schenk, Ursula ; Damonte, Gianluca ; Salis, Annalisa ; Bellotti, Marta ; Fais, Franco ; Tenca, Claudya ; Gattorno, Marco ; Eibel, Hermann ; Rizzi, Marta ; Warnatz, Klaus ; Idzko, Marco ; Ayata, Cemil Korcan ; Rakhmanov, Mirzokhid ; Galli, Thierry ; Martini, Alberto ; Canossa, Marco ; Grassi, Fabio ; Traggiai, Elisabetta

In: Cell report, 2013, vol. 3, no. 6, p. 1824-1831

Immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype diversification by class switch recombination (CSR) is an essential process for mounting a protective humoral immune response. Ig CSR deficiencies in humans can result from an intrinsic B cell defect; however, most of these deficiencies are still molecularly undefined and diagnosed as common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Here, we show that extracellular...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR7 in CXCR4-expressing human 143B osteosarcoma cells enhances lung metastasis of intratibial xenografts in SCID mice

Brennecke, Patrick ; Arlt, Matthias J. E. ; Muff, Roman ; Campanile, Carmen ; Gvozdenovic, Ana ; Husmann, Knut ; Holzwarth, Nathalie ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Ehrensperger, Felix ; Thelen, Marcus ; Born, Walter ; Fuchs, Bruno

In: Plos one, 2013, vol. 8, no. 9, p. e74045

More effective treatment of metastasizing osteosarcoma with a current mean 5-year survival rate of less than 20% requires more detailed knowledge on mechanisms and key regulatory molecules of the complex metastatic process. CXCR4, the receptor of the chemokine CXCL12, has been reported to promote tumor progression and metastasis in osteosarcoma. CXCR7 is a recently deorphanized...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The N276 glycosylation site is required for HIV-1 neutralization by the CD4 binding site specific HJ16 monoclonal antibody

Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita S. ; Corti, Davide ; Heyndrickx, Leo ; Willems, Elisabeth ; Vereecken, Katleen ; Davis, David ; Vanham, Guido

In: Plos one, 2013, vol. 8, no. 7, p. e68863

Immunogen design for HIV-1 vaccines could be based on epitope identification of naturally occurring neutralizing antibodies in infected patients. A tier 2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb), HJ16 recognizes a new epitope in the CD4 binding site (CD4bs) region that only partially overlaps with the b12 epitope. We aimed to identify the critical binding site by resistance induction in a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

LPS nephropathy in mice is ameliorated by IL-2 independently of regulatory T cells activity

Bertelli, Roberta ; Di Donato, Armando ; Cioni, Michela ; Grassi, Fabio ; Ikehata, Masami ; Bonanni, Alice ; Rastaldi, Maria Pia ; Ghiggeri, Gian Marco

In: Plos one, 2014, vol. 9, no. 10, p. e111285

Immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been hypothesized to exert a protective role in animal models of spontaneous (Buffalo/Mna) and/or drug induced (Adriamycin) nephrotic syndrome. In this study, we thought to define whether Tregs can modify the outcome of LPS nephropathy utilizing IL-2 as inducer of tissue and circulating Tregs. LPS (12 mg/Kg) was given as single shot in C57BL/6,...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Advances in barycentric rational interpolation of a function and its derivatives

Cirillo, Emiliano ; Hormann, Kai (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO007.

Linear barycentric rational interpolants are a particular kind of rational interpolants, defined by weights that are independent of the function f. Such interpolants have recently proved to be a viable alternative to more classical interpolation methods, such as global polynomial interpolants and splines, especially in the equispaced setting. Other kinds of interpolants might indeed suffer...

Università della Svizzera italiana

On the many faces of atomic multicast

Coelho, Paulo ; Pedone, Fernando (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO004.

Many current online services need to serve clients distributed across geographic areas. Coordinating highly available and scalable geographically distributed replicas, however, is challenging. While State Machine Replication is the most direct way of achieving availability, no scalability comes from the traditional approach. Typically, scalability is obtained by partitioning the original...

Università della Svizzera italiana

MicroRNAs in hematopoietic development

Montagner, Sara ; Dehó, Lorenzo ; Monticelli, Silvia

In: BMC immunology, 2014, vol. 15, p. 14

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs involved in the posttranscriptional regulation of a wide range of biological processes. By binding to complementary sequences on target messenger RNAs, they trigger translational repression and degradation of the target, eventually resulting in reduced protein output. MiRNA-dependent regulation of protein translation is a very widespread...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Endoplasmic reticulum turnover : ER-phagy and other flavors in selective and non-selective ER clearance

Fregno, Ilaria ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: F1000Research, 2018, vol. 7, p. 454

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a highly dynamic organelle in eukaryotic cells. It is deputed to lipid and protein biosynthesis, calcium storage, and the detoxification of various exogenous and endogenous harmful compounds. ER activity and size must be adapted rapidly to environmental and developmental conditions or biosynthetic demand. This is achieved on induction of thoroughly studied...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Molecularly specific detection of bacterial lipoteichoic acid for diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection of the bone

Pickett, Julie E. ; Thompson, John M. ; Sadowska, Agnieszka ; Tkaczyk, Christine ; Sellman, Bret R. ; Minola, Andrea ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Miller, Lloyd S. ; Thorek, Daniel LJ

In: Bone research, 2018, vol. 6, p. 13

Discriminating sterile inflammation from infection, especially in cases of aseptic loosening versus an actual prosthetic joint infection, is challenging and has significant treatment implications. Our goal was to evaluate a novel human monoclonal antibody (mAb) probe directed against the Gram-positive bacterial surface molecule lipoteichoic acid (LTA). Specificity and affinity were assessed in...