Università della Svizzera italiana

Essays on outpatient antibiotic consumption

Gonzalez Ortiz, Laura Guadalupe ; Filippini, Massimo (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2011 ; 2011ECO011.

Inappropriate use of antibiotic leads to the development of bacterial resistance, which undermines antibiotic effectiveness and increases the cost for society. The aim of this thesis is to investigate economic aspects of antibiotic consumption in the community. The research is divided in three essays. In the first essay we focus on determinants of antibiotic use in Italy and the spillover...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Socioeconomic determinants of outpatient antibiotic use in Europe

Masiero, Giuliano ; Filippini, Massimo ; Ferech, Matus ; Goossens, Herman

In: International Journal of Public Health, 2010, vol. 55, no. 5, p. 469–478

Objectives: Outpatient antibiotic consumption widely varies across Europe. The investigation of the causes of such variation may help to identify interventions that would improve the efficient use of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of socioeconomic determinants and the role played by information about bacterial resistance. Methods: Comparable data on systemically...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Regional consumption of antibiotics : a demand system approach

Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Moschetti, Karine

In: Economic Modelling, 2009, vol. 26, no. 6, p. 1389-1397

Through this paper, we have attempted to model the demand for different classes of antibiotics used for respiratory infections in outpatient care in Switzerland using a spatial version of the linear approximate Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) model. This model takes spatial dependency into account by means of spatial lags of antibiotic budget shares. We control for the health status of patients...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Determinants of outpatient antibiotic consumption in Europe : bacterial resistance and drug prescribers

Masiero, Giuliano ; Filippini, Massimo ; Ferech, Matus ; Goossens, Herman

This paper investigates socioeconomic determinants of outpatient antibiotic consumption in Europe. Comparable data on antibiotic use measured in the defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants (DID) are currently provided by the ESAC project. Results from applied econometric estimations for panel data reveal a link between antibiotic use and the per capita income, the demographic structure of the...