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Université de Fribourg

Estimating the volume of glaciers in the Himalayan–Karakoram region using different methods

Frey, H. ; Machguth, Horst ; Huss, Matthias ; Huggel, C. ; Bajracharya, S. ; Bolch, T. ; Kulkarni, A. ; Linsbauer, Andreas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Stoffel, Markus

In: The Cryosphere, 2014, vol. 8, no. 6, p. 2313–2333

Ice volume estimates are crucial for assessing water reserves stored in glaciers. Due to its large glacier coverage, such estimates are of particular interest for the Himalayan–Karakoram (HK) region. In this study, different existing methodologies are used to estimate the ice reserves: three area–volume relations, one slope-dependent volume estimation method, and two ice-thickness...

Université de Fribourg

The impact of Saharan dust and black carbon on albedo and long-term mass balance of an Alpine glacier

Gabbi, J. ; Huss, Matthias ; Bauder, Andreas ; Cao, F. ; Schwikowski, M.

In: The Cryosphere, 2015, vol. 9, no. 4, p. 1385–1400

Light-absorbing impurities in snow and ice control glacier melt as shortwave radiation represents the main component of the surface energy balance. Here, we investigate the long-term effect of snow impurities, i.e., mineral dust and black carbon (BC), on albedo and glacier mass balance. The analysis was performed over the period 1914–2014 for two sites on Claridenfirn, Swiss Alps, where an...

Université de Fribourg

A database of worldwide glacier thickness observations

Gärtner-Roer, I. ; Naegeli, K. ; Huss, Matthias ; Knecht, T. ; Machguth, Horst ; Zemp, Michael

In: Global and Planetary Change, 2014, vol. 122, p. 330–344

One of the grand challenges in glacier research is to assess the total ice volume and its global distribution. Over the past few decades the compilation of a world glacier inventory has been well-advanced both in institutional set-up and in spatial coverage. The inventory is restricted to glacier surface observations. However, although thickness has been observed on many glaciers and ice caps...

Université de Fribourg

Hazard assessment of glacial lake outburst floods from Kyagar glacier, Karakoram mountains, China

Haemmig, Christoph ; Huss, Matthias ; Keusen, Hansrudolf ; Hess, Josef ; Wegmüller, Urs ; Ao, Zhigang ; Kulubayi, Wubuli

In: Annals of Glaciology, 2014, vol. 55, no. 66, p. 34–44

Kyagar glacier is located in the Chinese Karakoram mountains. The glacier tongue entirely blocks the riverbed in the upper Shaksgam valley and impounds a glacial lake, which was the source of several violent and disastrous glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs). A GLOF early warning system was implemented between 2011 and 2013. We present an integrative analysis of the hazard potential of Kyagar...

Université de Fribourg

Calibrated ice thickness estimate for all glaciers in Austria

Helfricht, Kay ; Huss, Matthias ; Fischer, Andrea ; Otto, Jan-Christoph

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2019, vol. 7, p. -

Knowledge on ice thickness distribution and total ice volume is a prerequisite for computing future glacier change for both glaciological and hydrological applications. Various ice thickness estimation methods have been developed but regional differences in fundamental model parameters are substantial. Parameters calibrated with measured data at specific points in time and space can vary when...

Université de Fribourg

GlacierMIP – A model intercomparison of global-scale glacier mass-balance models and projections

Hock, Regine ; Bliss, Andrew ; Marzeion, Ben ; Giesen, Rianne H. ; Hirabayashi, Yukiko ; Huss, Matthias ; Radić, Valentina ; Slangen, Aimée B. A.

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2019, vol. 65, no. 251, p. 453–467

Global-scale 21st-century glacier mass change projections from six published global glacier models are systematically compared as part of the Glacier Model Intercomparison Project. In total 214 projections of annual glacier mass and area forced by 25 General Circulation Models (GCMs) and four Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) emission scenarios and aggregated into 19 glacier ...

Université de Fribourg

Re-establishing glacier monitoring in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia

Hoelzle, Martin ; Azisov, Erlan ; Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Gafurov, Abror ; Hagg, Wilfried ; Kenzhebaev, Ruslan ; Kronenberg, Marlene ; Machguth, Horst ; Merkushkin, Alexandr ; Moldobekov, Bolot ; Petrov, Maxim ; Saks, Tomas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Schöne, Tilo ; Tarasov, Yuri ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Vorogushyn, Sergiy ; Yakovlev, Andrey ; Zemp, Michael

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 2017, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 397–418

Glacier mass loss is among the clearest indicators of atmospheric warming. The observation of these changes is one of the major objectives of the international climate monitoring strategy developed by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Long-term glacier mass balance measurements are furthermore the basis for calibrating and validating models simulating future runoff of glacierised...

Université de Fribourg

Strong Alpine glacier melt in the 1940s due to enhanced solar radiation

Huss, Matthias ; Funk, M. ; Ohmura, A.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 2009, vol. 36, p. L23501

A 94-year time series of annual glacier melt at four high elevation sites in the European Alps is used to investigate the effect of global dimming and brightening of solar radiation on glacier mass balance. Snow and ice melt was stronger in the 1940s than in recent years, in spite of significantly higher air temperatures in the present decade. An inner Alpine radiation record shows that in the...

Université de Fribourg

100-year mass changes in the Swiss Alps linked to the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

Huss, Matthias ; Hock, Regine ; Bauder, Andreas ; Funk, Martin

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 2010, vol. 37, p. L10501

Thirty new 100-year records of glacier surface mass balance, accumulation and melt in the Swiss Alps are presented. The time series are based on a comprehensive set of field data and distributed modeling and provide insights into the glacier-climate linkage. Considerable mass loss over the 20th century is evident for all glaciers, but rates differ strongly. Glacier mass loss shows multidecadal...