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Université de Fribourg

Surround inhibition in the primary motor cortex is task-specifically modulated in non-professional musicians but not in healthy controls during real piano playing

Márquez, Gonzalo ; Keller, Martin ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 373, p. 106–112

Research has indicated that at the onset of a finger movement, unwanted contractions of adjacent muscles are prevented by inhibiting the cortical areas representing these muscles. This so-called surround inhibition (SI) seems relevant for the performance of selective finger movements but may not be necessary for tasks involving functional coupling between different finger muscles. Therefore,...

Université de Fribourg

Age-related differences in cortical and subcortical activities during observation and motor imagery of dynamic postural tasks: an FMRI study

Mouthon, Audrey ; Ruffieux, Jan ; Mouthon, Michael ; Hoogewoud, Henri-Marcel ; Annoni, Jean-Marie ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Neural Plasticity, 2018, p. -

Age-related changes in brain activation other than in the primary motor cortex are not well known with respect to dynamic balance control. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore age-related differences in the control of static and dynamic postural tasks using fMRI during mental simulation of balance tasks. For this purpose, 16 elderly (72 ± 5 years) and 16 young adults...

Université de Fribourg

Surround inhibition can instantly be modulated by changing the attentional focus

Kuhn, Yves-Alain ; Keller, Martin ; Lauber, Benedikt ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Scientific Reports, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 1085

To further investigate the mechanism of surround inhibition (SI) and to determine whether adopting different attentional strategies might have an impact on the modulation of SI, the effects of adopting an external (EF) or internal focus of attention (IF) on SI and motor performance were investigated. While performing an index flexion with either an EF or IF, transcranial magnetic stimulation...

Université de Fribourg

Validity of sports watches when estimating energy expenditure during running

Roos, Lilian ; Taube, Wolfgang ; Beeler, Nadja ; Wyss, Thomas

In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2017, vol. 9, p. 22

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of three different sport watches in estimating energy expenditure during aerobic and anaerobic running.

Université de Fribourg

Gait asymmetry during 400- to 1000-m high-intensity track running in relation to injury history

Gilgen-Ammann, Rahel ; Taube, Wolfgang ; Wyss, Thomas

In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2016, vol. 12, no. Suppl 2, p. S2-157

Purpose: To quantify gait asymmetry in well-trained runners with and without previous injuries during interval training sessions incorporating different distances.Methods: Twelve well-trained runners participated in 8 high-intensity interval-training sessions on a synthetic track over a 4-wk period. The training consisted of 10 × 400, 8 × 600, 7 × 800, and 6 × 1000-m running. Using an...

Université de Fribourg

Balance training reduces brain activity during motor simulation of a challenging balance task in older adults: an fMRI study

Ruffieux, Jan ; Mouthon, Audrey ; Keller, Martin ; Mouthon, Michaël ; Annoni, Jean-Marie ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 12, p. -

Aging is associated with a shift from an automatic to a more cortical postural control strategy, which goes along with deteriorations in postural stability. Although balance training has been shown to effectively counteract these behavioral deteriorations, little is known about the effect of balance training on brain activity during postural tasks in older adults. We, therefore, assessed...

Université de Fribourg

Preparatory cortical and spinal settings to counteract anticipated and non-anticipated perturbations

Wächli, Michael ; Tokuno, Craig D. ; Ruffieux, Jan ; Keller, Martin ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Neuroscience, 2017, vol. 365, no. Supplement C, p. 12–22

Little is known about how the central nervous system prepares postural responses differently in anticipated compared to non-anticipated perturbations. To investigate this, participants were exposed to translational and rotational perturbations presented in a blocked (anticipated) and a random (non-anticipated) design. The preparatory setting (‘central set’) was measured by H-reflexes,...

Université de Fribourg

Changes in balance coordination and transfer to an unlearned balance task after slackline training: a self-organizing map analysis

Serrien, Ben ; Hohenauer, Erich ; Clijsen, Ron ; Taube, Wolfgang ; Baeyens, Jean-Pierre ; Küng, Ursula

In: Experimental Brain Research, 2017, vol. 235, no. 11, p. 3427–3436

How humans maintain balance and change postural control due to age, injury, immobility or training is one of the basic questions in motor control. One of the problems in understanding postural control is the large set of degrees of freedom in the human motor system. Therefore, a self-organizing map (SOM), a type of artificial neural network, was used in the present study to extract and...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of age on the soccer-specific cognitive-motor performance of elite young soccer players: Comparison between objective measurements and coaches’ evaluation

Hicheur, Halim ; Chauvin, Alan ; Chassot, Steve ; Chenevière, Xavier ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: PLOS ONE, 2017, vol. 12, no. 9, p. e0185460

The cognitive-motor performance (CMP), defined here as the capacity to rapidly use sensory information and transfer it into efficient motor output, represents a major contributor to performance in almost all sports, including soccer. Here, we used a high-technology system (COGNIFOOT) which combines a visual environment simulator fully synchronized with a motion capture system. This system...

Université de Fribourg

Behavioral and neural adaptations in response to five weeks of balance training in older adults: a randomized controlled trial

Ruffieux, Jan ; Mouthon, Audrey ; Keller, Martin ; Wälchli, Michael ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine, 2017, vol. 16, p. 11

Background: While the positive effect of balance training on age-related impairments in postural stability is well-documented, the neural correlates of such training adaptations in older adults remain poorly understood. This study therefore aimed to shed more light on neural adaptations in response to balance training in older adults.Methods: Postural stability as well as spinal reflex and...