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Université de Fribourg

Beyond the molecular movie: Dynamics of bands and bonds during a photoinduced phase transition

Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Lücke, A. ; Schmidt, W. G. ; Puppin, M. ; Rettig, L. ; Ernstorfer, R. ; Wolf, M.

In: Science, 2018, vol. 362, no. 6416, p. 821–825

Ultrafast nonequilibrium dynamics offer a route to study the microscopic interactions that govern macroscopic behavior. In particular, photoinduced phase transitions (PIPTs) in solids provide a test case for how forces, and the resulting atomic motion along a reaction coordinate, originate from a nonequilibrium population of excited electronic states. Using femtosecond photoemission, we...

Université de Fribourg

Link prediction in bipartite nested networks

Medo, Matúš ; Mariani, Manuel Sebastian ; Lü, Linyuan

In: Entropy, 2018, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 777

Real networks typically studied in various research fields—ecology and economic complexity, for example—often exhibit a nested topology, which means that the neighborhoods of high-degree nodes tend to include the neighborhoods of low-degree nodes. Focusing on nested networks, we study the problem of link prediction in complex networks, which aims at identifying likely candidates for...

Université de Fribourg

Influencers identification in complex networks through reaction-diffusion dynamics

Iannelli, Flavio ; Mariani, Manuel S. ; Sokolov, Igor M.

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 6, p. 062302

A pivotal idea in network science, marketing research, and innovation diffusion theories is that a small group of nodes—called influencers—have the largest impact on social contagion and epidemic processes in networks. Despite the long-standing interest in the influencers identification problem in socioeconomic and biological networks, there is not yet agreement on which is the best...

Université de Fribourg

Empirical paths to the spread of information in location-based social networks

Zhou, Ming-Yang ; Xiong, Wen-Man ; Liao, Hao ; Wang, Tong ; Wei, Zong-Wen

In: Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2018, vol. 2018, no. 12, p. 123404

Spreading phenomena in complex networks have attracted much attention in recent years. However, most of the previous works only concern the critical thresholds and final states of the spread. In this paper, we investigate the empirical spreading paths in real location-based networks and find an abnormal phenomenon that the transferring probability of an epidemic between users varies with...

Université de Fribourg

Unequivocal signatures of the crossover to Anderson localization in realistic models of disordered quasi-one-dimensional materials

Lopez-Bezanilla, Alejandro ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Roche, Stephan ; Sáenz, Juan José

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 98, no. 23, p. 235423

The only unequivocal known criterion for single-parameter scaling Anderson localization relies on the knowledge of the full conductance statistics. To date, theoretical studies have been restricted to model systems with symmetric scatterers, hence lacking universality. We present an in-depth statistical study of conductance distributions P(g), in disordered ‘micrometer-long’ carbon...

Université de Fribourg

Nonequilibrium solid-solid phase transition in a lattice of liquid jets

Croccolo, Fabrizio ; Castellini, Stefano ; Scheffold, Frank ; Vailati, Alberto

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 6, p. 063104

Solid-solid phase transitions are commonly encountered at the atomic scale in alloys and in superatomic mesoscopic systems of colloidal particles. Here we investigate a solid-solid phase transition occurring at the macroscopic scale between lattices of liquid jets with different symmetries generated by convection in a horizontal layer of a binary liquid mixture. In the absence of a shear...

Université de Fribourg

Temperature-driven topological phase transition and intermediate Dirac semimetal phase in ${\mathrm{ZrTe}}_{5}$

Xu, B. ; Zhao, L. X. ; Maršík, Premysl ; Sheveleva, E. ; Lyzwa, F. ; Dai, Y. M. ; Chen, G. F. ; Qiu, X. G. ; Bernhard, Christian

In: Physical Review Letters, 2018, vol. 121, no. 18, p. 187401

We present an infrared spectroscopy study of ZrTe5, which confirms a recent theoretical proposal that this material exhibits a temperature-driven topological quantum phase transition from a weak to a strong topological insulating state with an intermediate Dirac semimetal state around Tp ≃ 138 K. Our study details the temperature evolution of the energy gap in the bulk electronic structure....

Université de Fribourg

Characterization and in vivo validation of a three-dimensional multi-cellular culture model to study heterotypic interactions in colorectal cancer cell growth, invasion and metastasis

Cattin, Sarah ; Ramont, Laurent ; Rüegg, Curzio

In: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 2018, vol. 6, p. -

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third cause of cancer-related mortality in industrialized countries. Local invasion and metastasis formation are events associated with poor prognosis for which today there are no effective therapeutic options. Invasion and metastasis are strongly modulated by cells of the tumor microenvironment (TME), in particular fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Unraveling...

Université de Fribourg

Stability of cefiderocol against clinically significant broad-spectrum oxacillinases

Poirel, Laurent ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2018, vol. 52, no. 6, p. 866–867