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Université de Fribourg

100-year mass changes in the Swiss Alps linked to the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation

Huss, Matthias ; Hock, Regine ; Bauder, Andreas ; Funk, Martin

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 2010, vol. 37, p. L10501

Thirty new 100-year records of glacier surface mass balance, accumulation and melt in the Swiss Alps are presented. The time series are based on a comprehensive set of field data and distributed modeling and provide insights into the glacier-climate linkage. Considerable mass loss over the 20th century is evident for all glaciers, but rates differ strongly. Glacier mass loss shows multidecadal...

Université de Fribourg

1,2,3-triazolylidenes as versatile abnormal carbene ligands for late transition metals

Mathew, Paulson ; Neels, Antonia ; Albrecht, Martin

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2008, vol. 130, no. 41, p. 13534–13535

The [3 + 2] cycloaddition of azides and acetylenes followed by nitrogen quaternization was applied for the generation of novel and highly modular triazolium salts. The selective substitution of the 1,3,4-substitution pattern presets such salts as precursors for a new class of abnormal carbene ligands, thus expanding the family of these high-impact ligands. Metalation of the triazolium salts is...

Université de Fribourg

1,4-Dimethylenespiropentane: a unique model system for studying fermi resonance in raman optical activity

Hug, Werner ; Haesler, Jacques ; Kozhushkov, Sergei I. ; Meijere, Armin de

In: ChemPhysChem, 2007, vol. 8, no. 8, p. 1161 - 1169

The C₂-symmetric title compound, a small, rigid hydrocarbon molecule with two distinct, strongly interacting vibrational chromophores, represents a unique model system for testing computational approaches to Raman optical activity (ROA) beyond the isolated molecule and the harmonic approximation. We show that the experimental Raman and ROA spectra are marked by the presence of strong Fermi...

Université de Fribourg

17-β estradiol increases parvalbumin levels in Pvalb heterozygous mice and attenuates behavioral phenotypes with relevance to autism core symptoms

Filice, Federica ; Lauber, Emanuel ; Vörckel, Karl Jakob ; Wöhr, Markus ; Schwaller, Beat

In: Molecular Autism, 2018, vol. 9, p. 15

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by two core symptoms: impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviors and interests. The pathophysiology of ASD is not yet fully understood, due to a plethora of genetic and environmental risk factors that might be associated with or causal for ASD. Recent findings...

Université de Fribourg

¹⁸²Tungsten Mössbauer spectroscopy of heteropolytungstates

Bochet, Christian G. ; Draper, Thérèse ; Bocquet, Bernard ; Pope, Michael T. ; Williams, Alan F.

In: Dalton Transaction, 2009, vol. 26, p. 5127-5131

The tungsten-182 Mössbauer spectra of a series of Keggin structure heteropolytungstates, [EW₁₂O₄₀]ⁿ⁻ are reported. There is a very considerable variation in quadrupole coupling at the tungsten nucleus indicating considerable asymmetry in the electron distribution for the more electronegative elements E. The quadrupole coupling correlates well with the structural data, in particular...

Université de Fribourg

19. Multilingualism in Switzerland

Grünert, Matthias

In: Manual of Romance Sociolinguistics, 2018, p. 526-548

This chapter deals with the two Romance languages which are officially recognized as minority languages of Switzerland, Romansh and Italian, and with Francoprovençal and French dialects spoken marginally in the francophone area of Switzerland. Romansh, the language that has gained new recognition in the process leading to the quadrilingual Swiss Confederation, is considered in most detail. The...

Université de Fribourg

The 2003 heat wave as an example of summers in a greenhouse climate? Observations and climate model simulations for Basel, Switzerland

Beniston, Martin ; Diaz, Henry F.

In: Global and Planetary Change, 2004, vol. 44(1-4), p. 73

The heat wave that affected many parts of Europe during the course of summer 2003 may be a harbinger of summers that could occur more regularly in a future climate, under enhanced greenhouse gas concentrations. Switzerland was not exempt from the 2003 heat wave and, indeed, the previous absolute maximum temperature record dating back to the middle of the 20th century was exceeded by over 2 °C....

Université de Fribourg

The 2003 heat wave in Europe: A shape of things to come? An analysis based on Swiss climatological data and model simulations

Beniston, Martin

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 2004, vol. 31, p. L02202

The 2003 heat wave that affected much of Europe from June to September bears a close resemblance to what many regional climate models are projecting for summers in the latter part of the 21st century. Model results suggest that under enhanced atmospheric greenhouse-gas concentrations, summer temperatures are likely to increase by over 4°C on average, with a corresponding increase in the...

Université de Fribourg

20th century minimum and maximum temperature variations analysed on a regional scale in Switzerland : statistical analyses of observational data

Jungo, Patricia ; Beniston, Martin (Dir.) ; Collet, Claude (Codir.) ; Frei, Christoph (Codir.) ; Wanner, Heinz (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2001 ; no 1365.

The major aim of this study is to describe in a detailed manner the 20th century minimum and maximum temperature variations in Switzerland and to assess whether the magnitude of the secular warming and its interannual to interdecadal fluctuations show common seasonal patterns in different climatological regions. In a first step different climatological regions could successfully be established...

Université de Fribourg

A 2D position sensitive germanium detector for spectroscopy and polarimetry of high-energetic x-rays

Stöhlker, Th. ; Spillmann, U. ; Banas, D. ; Beyer, H. F. ; Dousse, Jean-Claude ; Chatterjee, S. ; Hess, S. ; Kozhuharov, C. ; Kavčič, Matjaz ; Krings, T. ; Protic, D. ; Reuschl, R. ; Szlachetko, Jakoub ; Tashenov, S. ; Trotsenko, S.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2007, vol. 58, no. 1, p. 411

We report on a first prototype 2D μ-strip germanium detector, developed at IKP-Jülich, and its performance test at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble, France. Beside an accurate determination of the detector response function, the polarization sensitivity has been addressed in this study. For this purpose photon beams at energies of 60 keV and 210 keV have been used.