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The role of lipids in the biogenesis of integral membrane proteins

Schneiter, Roger ; Toulmay, Alexandre

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2007, vol. 73, no. 6, p. 1224-1232

Université de Fribourg

PKA-chromatin association at stress responsive target genes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Baccarini, Leticia ; Martínez-Montañés, Fernando ; Rossi, Silvia ; Proft, Markus ; Portela, Paula

In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms, 2015, vol. 1849, no. 11, p. 1329–1339

Gene expression regulation by intracellular stimulus-activated protein kinases is essential for cell adaptation to environmental changes. There are three PKA catalytic subunits in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Tpk1, Tpk2, and Tpk3 and one regulatory subunit: Bcy1. Previously, it has been demonstrated that Tpk1 and Tpk2 are associated with coding regions and promoters of target genes in a carbon...

Université de Fribourg

Transcriptome structure variability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains determined with a newly developed assembly software

Sardu, Alessandro ; Treu, Laura ; Campanaro, Stefano

In: BMC Genomics, 2014, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 1045

RNA-seq studies have an important role for both large-scale analysis of gene expression and for transcriptome reconstruction. However, the lack of software specifically developed for the analysis of the transcriptome structure in lower eukaryotes, has so far limited the comparative studies among different species and strains.Results: In order to fill this gap, an innovative software called ORA...

Université de Fribourg

Schistosoma mansoni venom allergen-like protein 4 (SmVAL4) is a novel lipid-binding SCP/TAPS protein that lacks the prototypical CAP motifs

Kelleher, Allan ; Darwiche, Rabih ; Rezende, Wanderson C. ; Farias, Leonardo P. ; Leite, Luciana C. C. ; Schneiter, Roger ; Asojo, Oluwatoyin A.

In: Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography, 2014, vol. 70, no. 8, p. 2186–2196

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that affects over 200 million people. Vaccine candidates have been identified, including Schistosoma mansoni venom allergen- like proteins (SmVALs) from the SCP/TAPS (sperm-coating protein/Tpx/antigen 5/pathogenesis related-1/Sc7) superfamily. The first SmVAL structure, SmVAL4, was refined to a resolution limit of 2.16 Å. SmVAL4 has a unique...

Université de Fribourg

The caveolin-binding motif of the pathogen-related yeast protein Pry1, a member of the CAP protein superfamily, is required for in vivo export of cholesteryl acetate

Choudhary, Vineet ; Darwiche, Rabih ; Gfeller, David ; Zoete, Vincent ; Michielin, Olivier ; Schneiter, Roger

In: Journal of Lipid Research, 2014, vol. 55, no. 5, p. 883–894

Proteins belonging to the CAP superfamily are present in all kingdoms of life and have been implicated in different physiological processes. Their molecular mode of action, however, is poorly understood. Saccharomyces cerevisiae expresses three members of this superfamily, pathogen-related yeast (Pry)1, -2, and -3. We have recently shown that Pry function is required for the secretion of...

Université de Fribourg

Lipid droplets are functionally connected to the endoplasmic reticulum in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Jacquier, Nicolas ; Choudhary, Vineet ; Mari, Muriel ; Toulmay, Alexandre ; Health and Human Services, Bethesda, USA ; Reggiori, Fulvio ; Schneiter, Roger

In: Journal of Cell Science, 2011, vol. 124, p. 2424-2437

Cells store metabolic energy in the form of neutral lipids that are deposited within lipid droplets (LDs). In this study, we examine the biogenesis of LDs and the transport of integral membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to newly formed LDs. In cells that lack LDs, otherwise LD-localized membrane proteins are homogenously distributed in the ER membrane. Under these conditions,...

Université de Fribourg

Monitoring sterol uptake, acetylation, and export in yeast

Choudhary, Vineet ; Schneiter, Roger

In: Methods in Molecular Biology, 2009, vol. 580, p. 221-232

Sterols are essential lipid components of eukaryotic membranes. They are synthesized in the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) from where they are efficiently transported to the plasma membrane, which harbors ~90% of the free sterol pool of the cell. The molecular mechanisms that govern this lipid transport, however, are not well characterized and are challenging to analyze. Saccharomyces cerevisiae...

Université de Fribourg

The complementation of yeast with human or Plasmodium falciparum Hsp90 confers differential inhibitor sensitivities

Wider, Diana ; Péli-Gulli, Marie-Pierre ; Briand, Pierre-André ; Tatu, Utpal ; Picard, Didier

In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 2009, vol. 164, no. 2, p. 147-152

Developing novel drugs against the unicellular parasite Plasmodium is complicated by the paucity of simple screening systems. Heat-shock proteins are an essential class of proteins for the parasite's cyclical life style between different cellular milieus and temperatures. The molecular chaperone Hsp90 assists a large variety of proteins, but its supporting functions for many proteins that are...

Université de Fribourg

The role of lipids in the biogenesis of integral membrane proteins

Schneiter, Roger ; Toulmay, Alexandre

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2007, vol. 73, no. 6, p. 1224-1232

Most integral membrane proteins are cotranslationally inserted into the lipid bilayer. In prokaryotes, membrane insertion of the nascent chain takes place at the plasma membrane, whereas in eukaryotes insertion takes place into the endoplasmatic reticulum. In both kingdoms of life, however, the same membrane that acquaints the newly born membrane protein also synthesizes the bilayer lipids and...