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Université de Fribourg

Genetic and Functional Characterization of an MCR-3-Like Enzyme-Producing Escherichia coli Isolate Recovered from Swine in Brazil

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Moreno, Andrea Micke ; Zanolli Moreno, Luisa ; Chaby, Richard ; Breton, Aude ; Tissières, Pierre ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, vol. 62, no. 7, p. e00278-18

A collection of 126 pigs was screened for carriage of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a farm in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Out of this collection, eight colistin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates were recovered, including one from Minas Gerais State producing a new MCR-3 variant (MCR-3.12). Analysis of the lipopolysaccharide revealed that MCR-3.12 had a function similar to that of MCR-1...

Université de Fribourg

A culture medium for screening 16S rRNA methylase-producing pan-aminoglycoside resistant Gram-negative bacteria

Nordmann, Patrice ; Mazé, Alain ; Culebras, Esther ; Dobias, Jan ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 91, no. 2, p. 118–122

The amikacin plus gentamicin-containing SuperAminoglycoside medium was developed for screening multiple-aminoglycoside resistance in Gram-negative bacteria (Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii). It was evaluated using aminoglycoside-susceptible (n=12) and aminoglycoside-resistant (n=59) Gram-negative isolates, including 16S rRNA methylase producers (n=20)....

Université de Fribourg

Carbapenemase-producing organisms: a global scourge

Bonomo, Robert A ; Burd, Eileen M ; Conly, John ; Limbago, Brandi M ; Poirel, Laurent ; Segre, Julie A ; Westblade, Lars F

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2018, vol. 66, no. 8, p. 1290–1297

The dramatic increase in the prevalence and clinical impact of infections caused by bacteria producing carbapenemases is a global health concern. Carbapenemase production is especially problematic when encountered in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Due to their ability to readily spread and colonize patients in healthcare environments, preventing the transmission of these organisms...

Université de Fribourg

Integrase-mediated recombination of the bel-1 gene cassette encoding the extended-spectrum β-lactamase BEL-1

Bouheraoua, Nacim ; Poirel, Laurent ; Bourreau, Baptiste ; Bonnin, Rémy ; Laroche, Laurent ; Naas, Thierry ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, p. AAC.00030-18

Integrons are genetic elements that can acquire and rearrange gene cassettes. The blaBEL-1 gene encodes an extended-spectrum β-lactamase, BEL-1, that is present at second position of the variable region of class 1 integrons identified in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The mobility of the bel-1 gene cassette was analyzed in physiological conditions and with the integrase gene being overexpressed....

Université de Fribourg

High rate of association of 16S rRNA methylases and carbapenemases in enterobacteriaceae recovered from hospitalized children in angola

Poirel, Laurent ; Goutines, Juliette ; Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, vol. 62, no. 4, p. e00021-18

Acquired 16S rRNA methylases (RMTases) conferring pan-drug resistance to aminoglycosides were searched among enterobacterial isolates recovered in Angola. A total of 36 hospitalized children were screened for rectal colonization using the Superaminoglycoside selective medium. Twenty-two pan-aminoglycoside-resistant enterobacterial isolates were recovered, all of which produced RMTases, i.e.,...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluation of three broth microdilution systems to determine colistin susceptibility of Gram-negative bacilli

Jayol, Aurélie ; Nordmann, Patrice ; André, Catherine ; Poirel, Laurent ; Dubois, Véronique

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2018, p. -

The broth microdilution (BMD) method is currently the recommended technique to determine susceptibility to colistin.Objectives: We evaluated the accuracy of three commercialized BMD panels [Sensititre (ThermoFisher Diagnostics), UMIC (Biocentric) and MicroScan (Beckman Coulter)] to determine colistin susceptibility.Methods: A collection of 185 isolates of Gram-negative bacilli (133 colistin...

Université de Fribourg

Complete genome sequencing of Acinetobacter baumannii str. K50 disclosed the large conjugative plasmid pK50a encoding the carbapenemase OXA-23 and the extended-spectrum β–lactamase GES-11

Wibberg, Daniel ; Salto, Ileana P. ; Eikmeyer, Felix G. ; Maus, Irena ; Winkler, Anika ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Pühler, Alfred ; Poirel, Laurent ; Schlüter, Andreas

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, p. AAC.00212-18

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii strains appeared as serious emerging nosocomial pathogens in clinical environments and especially in intensive care units (ICUs). A. baumannii strain K50 recovered from a hospitalized patient in Kuwait exhibited resistance to carbapenems, and additionally to ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, amikacin and gentamicin. Genome...

Université de Fribourg

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase/AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in animals: a threat for humans?

Madec, Jean-Yves ; Haenni, Marissa ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2017, vol. 23, no. 11, p. 826–833

There has been a great and long-term concern that extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae occurring in animals may constitute a public-health issue. A large number of factors with complex interrelations contribute to the spread of those bacteria among animals and humans. ESBL/AmpC- or carbapenemase-encoding genes are most often located on...