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Université de Fribourg

Body composition-derived BMI cut-offs for overweight and obesity in ethnic Indian and Creole urban children of Mauritius

Ramuth, Harris ; Hunma, Sadhna ; Ramessur, Vinaysing ; Ramuth, Magalutcheemee ; Monnard, Cathriona ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Joonas, Noorjehan ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 2020, vol. 124, no. 5, p. 481–492

It is increasingly recognised that the use of BMI cut-off points for diagnosing obesity (OB) and proxy measures for body fatness in a given population needs to take into account the potential impact of ethnicity on the BMI–fat % relationship in order to avoid adiposity status misclassification. This relationship was studied here in 377 Mauritian schoolchildren (200 boys and 177 girls, aged...

Université de Fribourg

Short-term cardiovascular responses to ingestion of mineral water in healthy non-obese adults: Impact of mineral components

Monnard, Cathriona Rosemary ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Grasser, Erik Konrad

In: Journal of Functional Foods, 2020, vol. 71, p. 104017

Background: The role of mineral components in the hemodynamic response to water drinking is still elusive.Methods: We conducted a randomized crossover study in 16 non-obese, healthy subjects (8 women) to investigate cardiovascular responses to water drinks differing in the mineral content. Continuous measurements included beat- to-beat blood pressure, electrocardiography derived RR-intervals,...

Université de Fribourg

How dieting might make some fatter: modeling weight cycling toward obesity from a perspective of body composition autoregulation

Jacquet, Philippe ; Schutz, Yves ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2020, vol. 44, p. 1243-1253

The notion that dieting makes some people fatter has in the past decade gained considerable interest from both epidemiological predictions and biological plausibility. Several large-scale prospective studies have suggested that dieting to lose weight is associated with future weight gain and obesity, with such predictions being stronger and more consistent among dieters who are in the normal...

Université de Fribourg

Interpretation of clinical data and hypothesis testing with the aid of self-collected data from physiology laboratory courses: a teaching approach for medical students

Grasser, Erik Konrad ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Advances in Physiology Education, 2019, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 557–560

More than 50 million scientific articles were published between 1665 and 2009 (4), with millions more expected every year (6). This incomprehensible number accounts for scientific articles alone and does not encompass various “pseudo-scientific” information and articles that are spread, without any peer review process, by social media and blogs, thereby generating a potential source of...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular and orthostatic responses to a festive meal associated with alcohol in young men

Sarafian, Delphine ; Charrière, Nathalie ; Maufrais, Claire ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Aim: Sharing a festive meal associated with alcohol is quite common. While the cardiovascular changes occurring after meal ingestion of different nutrient composition has been well-established, the effects of ingesting a festive versus a standard meal accompanied with alcohol are less clear. Here, we compared the postprandial hemodynamics, cutaneous and psychomotor performance responses after...

Université de Fribourg

Low 24-hour core body temperature as a thrifty metabolic trait driving catch-up fat during weight regain after caloric restriction

Calonne, Julie ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Scerri, Isabelle ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2019, vol. 317, no. 4, p. E699–E709

The recovery of body weight after substantial weight loss or growth retardation is often characterized by a disproportionately higher rate of fat mass vs. lean mass recovery, with this phenomenon of “preferential catch-up fat” being contributed by energy conservation (thrifty) metabolism. To test the hypothesis that a low core body temperature (Tc) constitutes a thrifty metabolic trait...

Université de Fribourg

Assessment of the dose–response relationship between meal protein content and postprandial thermogenesis: effect of sex and the oral contraceptive pill

Duhita, Maharani R. ; Schutz, Yves ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L.

In: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, no. 7, p. 1599

Implementation of efficacious dietary interventions to regulate energy balance requires understanding of the determinants of individual response. To date, information regarding individual variability in response to elevated meal protein content is lacking. This study investigates whether sex and/or oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use play a role in the response to elevated meal protein in 21...

Université de Fribourg

Reduced skeletal muscle protein turnover and thyroid hormone metabolism in adaptive thermogenesis that facilitates body fat recovery during weight regain

Calonne, Julie ; Isacco, Laurie ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Guillet, Christelle ; Boirie, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Objective: The recovery of body composition after weight loss is characterized by an accelerated rate of fat recovery (preferential catch-up fat) resulting partly from an adaptive suppression of thermogenesis. Although the skeletal muscle has been implicated as an effector site for such thrifty (energy conservation) metabolism driving catch-up fat, the underlying mechanisms remain to be...

Université de Fribourg

Early and late cardiovascular and metabolic responses to mixed wine: effect of drink temperature

Sarafian, Delphine ; Maufrais, Claire ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2018, vol. 9, p. -

Aim: Red wine is usually ingested as an unmixed drink. However, mixtures of wine with juices and/or sucrose (mixed wine) are becoming more and more popular and could be ingested at either cold or hot temperature. Although the temperature effects on the cardiovascular system have been described for water and tea, with greater energy expenditure (EE) and lower cardiac workload with a colder...