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Université de Fribourg

Multi-decadal mass balance series of three Kyrgyz glaciers inferred from modelling constrained with repeated snow line observations

Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Azisov, Erlan ; Berthier, Etienne ; Kääb, Andreas ; Bolch, Tobias ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 6, p. 1899–1919

Glacier surface mass balance observations in the Tien Shan and Pamir are relatively sparse and often discontinuous. Nevertheless, glaciers are one of the most important components of the high-mountain cryosphere in the region as they strongly influence water availability in the arid, continental and intensely populated downstream areas. This study provides reliable and continuous surface mass...

Université de Fribourg

Proglacial erosion rates and processes in a glacierized catchment in the Swiss Alps

Delaney, Ian ; Bauder, Andreas ; Huss, Matthias ; Weidmann, Yvo

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2018, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 765–778

In the Swiss Alps, climatic changes have not only caused glacier retreat, but also likely increased sedimentation downstream of glaciers. This material either originates from below the glacier or from periglacial environments, which are exposed as glaciers retreat, and often consist of easily erodible sediment. Griesgletscher's catchment in the Swiss Alps was examined to quantify erosion in...

Université de Fribourg

The bedrock topography of Gries- and Findelengletscher

Feiger, Nadine ; Huss, Matthias ; Leinss, Silvan ; Sold, Leo ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: Geographica Helvetica, 2018, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 1–9

Knowledge of the ice thickness distribution of glaciers is important for glaciological and hydrological applications. In this contribution, we present two updated bedrock topographies and ice thickness distributions for Gries- and Findelengletscher, Switzerland. The results are based on ground-penetrating radar (GPR) measurements collected in spring 2015 and already-existing data. The GPR...

Université de Fribourg

Global-scale hydrological response to future glacier mass loss

Huss, Matthias ; Hock, Regine

In: Nature Climate Change, 2018, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 135–140

Worldwide glacier retreat and associated future runoff changes raise major concerns over the sustainability of global water resources1,2,3,4, but global-scale assessments of glacier decline and the resulting hydrological consequences are scarce5,6. Here we compute global glacier runoff changes for 56 large-scale glacierized drainage basins to 2100 and analyse the glacial impact on streamflow....

Université de Fribourg

The European mountain cryosphere: a review of its current state, trends, and future challenges

Beniston, Martin ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Stoffel, Markus ; Andreassen, Liss M. ; Coppola, Erika ; Eckert, Nicolas ; Fantini, Adriano ; Giacona, Florie ; Hauck, Christian ; Huss, Matthias ; Huwald, Hendrik ; Lehning, Michael ; López-Moreno, Juan-Ignacio ; Magnusson, Jan ; Marty, Christoph ; Morán-Tejéda, Enrique ; Morin, Samuel ; Naaim, Mohamed ; Provenzale, Antonello ; Rabatel, Antoine ; Six, Delphine ; Stötter, Johann ; Strasser, Ulrich ; Terzago, Silvia ; Vincent, Christian

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 759–794

The mountain cryosphere of mainland Europe is recognized to have important impacts on a range of environmental processes. In this paper, we provide an overview on the current knowledge on snow, glacier, and permafrost processes, as well as their past, current, and future evolution. We additionally provide an assessment of current cryosphere research in Europe and point to the different...

Université de Fribourg

Toward mountains without permanent snow and ice

Huss, Matthias ; Bookhagen, B. ; Huggel, Christian ; Jacobsen, D. ; Bradley, R.S. ; Clague, J.J. ; Vuille, M. ; Buytaert, W. ; Cayan, D. R. ; Greenwood, G. ; Mark, B. G. ; Milner, A.M. ; Weingartner, R. ; Winder, M.

In: Earth’s Future, 2017, vol. 5, no. 5, p. 2016EF000514

The cryosphere in mountain regions is rapidly declining, a trend that is expected to accelerate over the next several decades due to anthropogenic climate change. A cascade of effects will result, extending from mountains to lowlands with associated impacts on human livelihood, economy, and ecosystems. With rising air temperatures and increased radiative forcing, glaciers will become smaller...

Université de Fribourg

Re-establishing glacier monitoring in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia

Hoelzle, Martin ; Azisov, Erlan ; Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Gafurov, Abror ; Hagg, Wilfried ; Kenzhebaev, Ruslan ; Kronenberg, Marlene ; Machguth, Horst ; Merkushkin, Alexandr ; Moldobekov, Bolot ; Petrov, Maxim ; Saks, Tomas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Schöne, Tilo ; Tarasov, Yuri ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Vorogushyn, Sergiy ; Yakovlev, Andrey ; Zemp, Michael

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 2017, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 397–418

Glacier mass loss is among the clearest indicators of atmospheric warming. The observation of these changes is one of the major objectives of the international climate monitoring strategy developed by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Long-term glacier mass balance measurements are furthermore the basis for calibrating and validating models simulating future runoff of glacierised...

Université de Fribourg

Surge dynamics and lake outbursts of Kyagar Glacier, Karakoram

Round, Vanessa ; Leinss, Silvan ; Huss, Matthias ; Haemmig, Christoph ; Hajnsek, Irena

In: The Cryosphere, 2017, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 723–739

The recent surge cycle of Kyagar Glacier, in the Chinese Karakoram, caused formation of an ice-dammed lake and subsequent glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) exceeding 40 million m³ in 2015 and 2016. GLOFs from Kyagar Glacier reached double this size in 2002 and earlier, but the role of glacier surging in GLOF formation was previously unrecognised. We present an integrative analysis of...

Université de Fribourg

Common climatic signal from glaciers in the European Alps over the last 50 years

Vincent, C. ; Fischer, A. ; Mayer, C. ; Bauder, Andreas ; Galos, S. P. ; Funk, Martin ; Thibert, E. ; Six, D. ; Braun, L. ; Huss, Matthias

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 2017, vol. 44, no. 3, p. 1376–1383

Conventional glacier-wide mass balances are commonly used to study the effect of climate forcing on glacier melt. Unfortunately, the glacier-wide mass balances are also influenced by the glacier's dynamic response. Investigations on the effects of climate forcing on glaciers can be largely improved by analyzing point mass balances. Using a statistical model, we have found that 52% of the...

Université de Fribourg

Cross-comparison of albedo products for glacier surfaces derived from airborne and satellite (sentinel-2 and landsat 8) optical data

Naegeli, Kathrin ; Damm, Alexander ; Huss, Matthias ; Wulf, Hendrik ; Schaepman, Michael ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: Remote Sensing, 2017, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 110

Surface albedo partitions the amount of energy received by glacier surfaces from shortwave fluxes and modulates the energy available for melt processes. The ice- albedo feedback, influenced by the contamination of bare-ice surfaces with light- absorbing impurities, plays a major role in the melting of mountain glaciers in a warming climate. However, little is known about the spatial and...