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Université de Fribourg

Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties

Essl, Franz ; Bacher, Sven ; Genovesi, Piero ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Kowarik, Ingo ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Schindler, Stefan ; Kleunen, Mark van ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Wilson, John R. U. ; Richardson, David M.

In: BioScience, 2018, vol. 68, no. 7, p. 496–509

Human activities such as the transport of species to new regions and modifications of the environment are increasingly reshaping the distribution of biota. Accordingly, developing robust, repeatable, and consistent definitions of alien species that serve scientific and policy purposes has become of prime importance. We provide a set of classification criteria that are widely applicable across...

Université de Fribourg

Re-establishment of Protea repens after clearing invasive Acacia saligna: Consequences of soil legacy effects and a native nitrophilic weedy species

Nsikani, M.M. ; Wilgen, B.W. van ; Bacher, Sven ; Gaertnera, M.

In: South African Journal of Botany, 2018, vol. 116, p. 103–109

Invasive Australian acacias can alter soil chemistry and microbial communities in areas they invade. After clearing invasive acacias, these changes can persist, and previously invaded areas can become dominated by nitrophilic weedy species. Restoration of viable native plant communities in cleared sites often fails due to a lack of native species re-establishment. Therefore, to improve...

Université de Fribourg

More than “100 worst” alien species in Europe

Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Bacher, Sven ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Pyšek, Petr ; Vilà, Montserrat

In: Biological Invasions, 2018, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 1611–1621

“One hundred worst” lists of alien species of the greatest concern proved useful for raising awareness of the risks and impacts of biological invasions amongst the general public, politicians and stakeholders. All lists so far have been based on expert opinion and primarily aimed at representativeness of the taxonomic and habitat diversity rather than at quantifying the harm the alien...

Université de Fribourg

A local risk map using field observations of the Asian longhorned beetle to optimize monitoring activities

Fragnière, Yann ; Forster, B. ; Hölling, D. ; Wermelinger, B. ; Bacher, Sven

In: Journal of Applied Entomology, 2018, vol. 142, no. 6, p. 578–588

The Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is one of the most dangerous xylophagous pests affecting broadleaf trees in the world. Eradication programmes are undertaken in non-native regions, requiring extensive resources and involving high costs. An adapted strategy must be set up to optimize the ratio cost/probability of success. We...

Université de Fribourg

Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species

Roy, Helen E. ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Stewart, Alan ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Genovesi, Piero ; Essl, Franz ; Adriaens, Tim ; Bacher, Sven ; Booy, Olaf ; Branquart, Etienne ; Brunel, Sarah ; Copp, Gordon Howard ; Dean, Hannah ; D?hondt, Bram ; Josefsson, Melanie ; Kenis, Marc ; Kettunen, Marianne ; Linnamagi, Merike ; Lucy, Frances ; Martinou, Angeliki ; Moore, Niall ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Nieto, Ana ; Pergl, Jan ; Peyton, Jodey ; Roques, Alain ; Schindler, Stefan ; Schönrogge, Karsten ; Solarz, Wojciech ; Stebbing, Paul D. ; Trichkova, Teodora ; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ; Valkenburg, Johan van ; Zenetos, Argyro

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 526–538

Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk assessments underpin IAS policies in many ways: informing legislation; providing justification of restrictions in trade or consumer activities; prioritizing surveillance and rapid...

Université de Fribourg

Assessing the socio-economic impacts of priority marine invasive fishes in the Mediterranean with the newly proposed SEICAT methodology

Galanidi, Marika ; Zenetos, Argyro ; Bacher, Sven

In: Mediterranean Marine Science, 2018, vol. 19, no. 1, p. 107–123

The assessment of impacts of alien species is one of the most critical steps for the prioritisation of policy and management actions and this requires assessment schemes that can compare impacts across different taxa, ecosystems and socio- economic contexts. The Environmental and Socio-Economic Impact Classification of Alien Species (EICAT and SEICAT) are two methodologies that facilitate such...

Université de Fribourg

A vision for global monitoring of biological invasions

Pyšek, Petr ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Bacher, Sven ; Capinha, César ; Costello, Mark J. ; Fernández, Miguel ; Gregory, Richard D. ; Hobern, Donald ; Hui, Cang ; Jetz, Walter ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; McGrannachan, Chris ; Pergl, Jan ; Roy, Helen E. ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Squires, Zoe E. ; R.U.Wilson, John ; Winter, Marten ; Genovesi, Piero ; McGeoch, Melodie A.

In: Biological Conservation, 2017, vol. 213, no. Part B, p. 295–308

Managing biological invasions relies on good global coverage of species distributions. Accurate information on alien species distributions, obtained from international policy and cross-border co-operation, is required to evaluate trans-boundary and trading partnership risks. However, a standardized approach for systematically monitoring alien species and tracking biological invasions is still...

Université de Fribourg

Preventive application of an entomopathogenic fungus in cover crops for wireworm control

Rogge, Sina Alexandra ; Mayerhofer, Johanna ; Enkerli, Jürg ; Bacher, Sven ; Grabenweger, Giselher

In: BioControl, 2017, vol. 62, no. 5, p. 613–623

Efficacy of the Metarhizium brunneum Petch (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae) strain ART2825 for control of wireworms (Agriotes obscurus (L.), Coleoptera: Elateridae) was examined in a semi-field pot experiment. Pots were treated in late summer during sowing of spring oat as a cover crop. Survival of wireworms was assessed four weeks after their release in October 2013, and 30 weeks after release in...