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Université de Fribourg

Handling (nano)silver as antimicrobial agent: therapeutic window, dissolution dynamics, detection methods and molecular interactions

Abram, Sarah‐Luise ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Chemistry – A European Journal, 2020, vol. 26, no. 48, p. 10948–10971

Silver is an antimicrobial agent well known since antiquity. With the emergence of multiresistant bacteria, it has come back into the focus of research, and ionic as well as nano‐sized silver have been studied in vitro and in vivo. The results are controversial, silver being discussed as the “silver bullet” or a “wolf in sheep's clothing”. A thorough search of literature from...

Université de Fribourg

Bimetallic salen-based compounds and their potential applications

Finelli, Alba ; Abram, Sarah-Luise ; Hérault, Nelly ; Crochet, Aurélien ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Crystal Growth & Design, 2020, vol. 20, no. 8, p. 4945–4958

The new bimetallic coordination compounds [LNiAg(NO3)], [LCuMn(NO3)2], [LCuCu(NO3)2], [LCuZn(NO3)2], and [{LCuBi(NO3)3}(ACN)] have been synthesized from a salen-type ligand L containing two distinct coordination sites to accommodate (different) metal ions M1 and M2. In the solid state, the formation of 1:1 compounds (LCu:M2) is always observed, but interactions between the compounds lead to ...

Université de Fribourg

A nano-rattle SnO2@carbon composite anode material for high-energy Li-ion batteries by melt diffusion impregnation

Maharajan, Sivarajakumar ; Kwon, Nam Hee ; Brodard, Pierre ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Nanomaterials, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 804

The huge volume expansion in Sn-based alloy anode materials (up to 360%) leads to a dramatic mechanical stress and breaking of particles, resulting in the loss of conductivity and thereby capacity fading. To overcome this issue, SnO2@C nano- rattle composites based on < 10 nm SnO2 nanoparticles in and on porous amorphous carbon spheres were synthesized using a silica template and tin melting...

Université de Fribourg

Metal nanoparticle–microbe interactions: synthesis and antimicrobial effects

Khan, Mujeebur R. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Rizvi, Tanveer F. ; Giese, Bernd ; Ahamad, Faheem ; Turner, Raymond J. ; Füeg, Michael ; Marsili, Enrico

In: Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 2020, vol. 37, no. 5, p. 1900419

Metal nanoparticles (NPs), chalcogenides, and carbon quantum dots can be easily synthesized from whole microorganisms (fungi and bacteria) and cell‐free sterile filtered spent medium. The particle size distribution and the biosynthesis time can be somewhat controlled through the biomass/metal solution ratio. The biosynthetic mechanism can be explained through the ion‐reduction theory and...

Université de Fribourg

Metal nanoparticle–microbe interactions: synthesis and antimicrobial effects

Khan, Mujeebur R. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Rizvi, Tanveer F. ; Giese, Bernd ; Ahamad, Faheem ; Turner, Raymond J. ; Füeg, Michael ; Marsili, Enrico

In: Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 2020, vol. 37, no. 5, p. 1900419

Metal nanoparticles (NPs), chalcogenides, and carbon quantum dots can be easily synthesized from whole microorganisms (fungi and bacteria) and cell‐free sterile filtered spent medium. The particle size distribution and the biosynthesis time can be somewhat controlled through the biomass/metal solution ratio. The biosynthetic mechanism can be explained through the ion‐reduction theory and...

Université de Fribourg

Indirect solvent assisted tautomerism in 4-substituted phthalimide 2-hydroxy-Schiff bases

Yordanov, Dancho ; Deneva, Vera ; Georgiev, Anton ; Crochet, Aurelien ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Antonova, Liudmil

In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2020, vol. 237, p. 118416

The paper presents the synthesis and characterization of two 4-substituted phthalimide 2-hydroxy-Schiff bases containing salicylic (4) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl (5) moieties. The structural differences of 2-hydroxyaryl substituents, resulting in different enol/keto tautomeric behaviour, depending on the solvent environment were studied by absorption UV–Vis spectroscopy. Compound 5 is...

Université de Fribourg

Isolation of cellulose nanofibers from Oryza sativa residues via tempo mediated oxidation

Madivoli, Edwin S. ; Kareru, Patrick G. ; Gachanja, Anthony N. ; Mugo, Samuel M. ; Sujee, David M. ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Journal of Natural Fibers, 2020, p. 1–13

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) or cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) with different morphologies, chemical, mechanical and physical properties can be obtained when microcrystalline cellulose is subjected to enzymatic, chemical or mechanical treatment. With the aim of utilizing cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) from Oryza sativa, we isolated microcrystalline cellulose using the Kraft process, followed by...

Université de Fribourg

Li0.5Ni0.5Ti1.5Fe0.5(PO4)3/C electrode material for lithium ion batteries exhibiting faster kinetics and enhanced stability

Srout, Mohammed ; Kwon, Nam Hee ; Ben Youcef, Hicham ; Semlal, Nawal ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Saadoune, Ismael

In: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020, vol. 12, no. 16, p. 18496–18503

Natrium super ionic conductor (NASICON) materials providing attractive properties such as high ionic conductivity and good structural stability are considered as very promising materials for use as electrodes for lithium- and sodium-ion batteries. Herein, a new high-performance electrode material, Li0.5Ni0.5Ti1.5Fe0.5(PO4)3/C, was synthesized via the sol–gel method and was...

Université de Fribourg

Tautomerism and self-association in the solution of new pinene-bipyridine and pinene-phenanthroline derivatives

Solea, Atena B. ; Cornu, Ivan ; Deneva, Vera ; Crochet, Aurelien ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Antonov, Liudmil ; Allemann, Christophe ; Mamula, Olimpia

In: Molecules, 2020, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 298

Two novel pinene-type ligands have been synthesized and their tautomeric and self-associating behavior studied in solution and in the solid state. The first ligand, an acetylated derivative of 5,6-pinene-bipyridine, displays keto-enol tautomerism in solution. This tautomeric equilibrium was studied by NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopy in various solvents, and the results were compared with the...

Université de Fribourg

Chemistry of alkaline earth metals: It is not all ionic and definitely not boring!

Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 2020, vol. 408, p. 213193

Some scientists might consider group 2 chemistry as “boring, closed shell and all ionic, aqueous chemistry, where everything is known! It is not worth investigating”. How wrong they are! Far from forming only purely ionic compounds, this review will shed light on some spectacular molecules, showing that alkaline earth metal ions can behave similar to transition metal ions. After general...