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Université de Fribourg

Absolute angle-differential vibrational excitation cross sections for electron collisions with diacetylene

Allan, Michael ; May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Ibănescu, Bogdan C. ; Andric, L.

In: Physical Review A, 2011, vol. 83, p. 052701

Absolute vibrational excitation cross sections were measured for diacetylene (1,3-butadiyne). The selectivity of vibrational excitation reveals detailed information about the shape resonances. Excitation of the C≡C stretch and of double quanta of the C-H bend vibrations reveals a ²Πu resonance at 1 eV (autodetachment width ~30 meV) and a ²Πg resonance at 6.2 eV...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections in acetylene and its deuterated analogue

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael

In: Chimia, 2010, vol. 64, no. 3, p. 173-176

An instrument for the measurement of absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections was constructed and applied to two prototype molecules, acetylene (C₂H₂) and deuterated acetylene (C₂D₂). The isotope effect at the first dissociative electron attachment band at 3 eV was determined-the cross section for C₂D⁻/C₂D₂ is 14.4 times smaller than that for C₂H⁻/C₂H₂. The...

Université de Fribourg

Electron scattering in HCl: An improved nonlocal resonance model

Fedor, Juraj ; Winstead, C. ; McKoy, V. ; Čížek, M. ; Houfek, K. ; Kolorenč, P. ; Horáček, J.

In: Physcial Review A, 2010, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 042702

We present an improved nonlocal resonance model for electron-HCl collisions. The short-range part of the model is fitted to ab initio electron-scattering eigenphase sums calculated using the Schwinger multichannel method, while the long-range part is based on the ab initio potential-energy curve of the bound anion HCl-. This model significantly improves the agreement of nonlocal resonance...

Université de Fribourg

Improved nonlocal resonance model for electron – HCl collisions

Fedor, Juraj ; Kolorenč, P. ; Čižek, M. ; Horáček, J. ; Winstead, C. ; McKoy, V.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2009, vol. 194, p. 052036

We present an improved nonlocal resonance model for electron-HCl collisions. The short-range part of the model is based on ab-initio electron scattering eigenphase sums calculated using the Schwinger Multichannel method and the long-range part on the potential curve of the bound HCl⁻ anion. We have calculated cross sections for vibrational excitation and dissociative electron attachment....

Université de Fribourg

Low-energy electron attachment to the dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl₂F₂) molecule

Graupner, K. ; Haughey, S. A. ; Field, T. A. ; Mayhew, C. A. ; Hoffmann, T. H. ; May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael ; Fabrikant, Ilya I. ; Illenberger, E. ; Braun, M. ; Ruf, M.-W. ; Hotop, Hartmut

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2010, vol. 114, no. 3, p. 1474–1484

Results from a joint experimental study of electron attachment to dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl₂F₂) molecules in the gas phase are reported. In a high resolution electron beam experiment involving two versions of the laser photoelectron attachment method, the relative cross section for formation of the dominant anion Cl⁻ was measured over the energy range 0.001−1.8 eV at the gas...

Université de Fribourg

Isotope effect in dissociative electron attachment to acetylene

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2009, vol. 80, no. 1, p. 012706

Absolute partial cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to H–C≡C–H and D–C≡C–D have been measured using a time-of-flight ion spectrometer combined with a trochoidal electron monochromator. For C₂H₂ the present data are in good agreement with the total cross sections measured previously in our laboratory using the total ion-collection method. The present measurements...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to HCl, HBr, and their deuterated analogs

Fedor, Juraj ; May, Olivier ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2008, vol. 78, p. 032701

We have measured absolute dissociative electron attachment cross sections for HX and DX (X=Cl and Br) using a trochoidal electron spectrometer equipped with a total ion collection collision chamber, operated both in a field-free passive ion collection mode, and an active ion collection mode, with an extracting electric field. Our results for Br⁻ from HBr are in an excellent...

Université de Fribourg

Absolute cross sections for dissociative electron attachment to acetylene and diacetylene

May, Olivier ; Fedor, Juraj ; Ibănescu, Bogdan C. ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2008, vol. 77, no. 4, p. 040701

Absolute cross sections for the production of the two astronomy-relevant negative ions H−C≡C⁻ and H−C≡C−C≡C⁻ by dissociative electron attachment to acetylene C₂H₂ and diacetylene C₄H₂ were measured (with a ±25% error bar). Acetylene yielded the C₂H⁻ ion at an electron energy of 2.95 eV with a cross section of 3.6±0.9 pm² and also the C₂⁻ ion at 8.1 eV...

Université de Fribourg

On the role of the II(1/2g) state in spontaneous dissociation of krypton and xenon dimer ions

Fedor, Juraj ; Echt, O. ; Głuch, K. ; Matt-Leubner, S. ; Scheier, P. ; Märk, T.D.

In: Chemical Physics Letters, 2007, vol. 437, no. 4-6, p. 183-188

We have measured kinetic-energy-release distributions (KERD) for spontaneous dissociation of electronically excited dimer ions of krypton and xenon, formed by electron impact ionization of neutral precursors. The data cannot be reconciled by decay of the strongly bound II(1/2u) state that successfully explains dissociation of and Ne₂⁺ and Ar₂⁺. Instead, the KERD is dominated by...

Université de Fribourg

Dissociative electron attachment to HBr: A temperature effect

Fedor, Juraj ; Cingel, M. ; Skalný, J. D. ; Scheier, P. ; Märk, T. D. ; Čížek, M. ; Kolorenč, P. ; Horáček, J.

In: Physical Review A, 2007, vol. 75, p. 022703

The effects of rovibrational temperature on dissociative electron attachment to hydrogen bromide has been investigated from the experimental and theoretical point of view. Theoretical calculations based on the nonlocal resonance model predict a strong temperature effect on the Br⁻ fragment ion yield due to population of higher vibrational and rotational states. A crossed beam experimental setup...