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Université de Fribourg

Electron spectra for associative detachment in low-energy collisions of Cl⁻ and Br⁻ with H and D

Živanov, Svetlana ; Cížek, M. ; Horáček, J. ; Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2003, vol. 36, no. 16, p. 3513-3531

Energy spectra of electrons detached in collisions of Cl⁻ and Br⁻ with atomic hydrogen and deuterium have been measured for laboratory frame ion energies between 0.2 and 8.0 eV. Their shapes agree very well with the predictions of nonlocal resonance theory. Both types of structure predicted by the theory are observed. They are the 'v steps', at ro-vibrational thresholds, and the 'S...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of interchannel coupling in associative detachment: electron spectra for H+Cl⁻ and H+Br⁻ collisions

Živanov, Svetlana ; Allan, Michael ; Cížek, M. ; Horáček, J. ; Thiel, F. A. U. ; Hotop, Hartmut

In: Physical Review Letters, 2002, vol. 89, no. 7, p. 073201

We present experimental and theoretical energy spectra of the electrons detached in collisions of slow Cl⁻ and Br⁻ ions with atomic hydrogen. Nonlocal resonance theory predicts two kinds of features in the spectra: steplike structures associated with rovibrational onsets and steep rises associated with interchannel coupling, the latter being absent in a calculation using the simpler...

Université de Fribourg

Electron collisions with formic acid monomer and dimer

Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review Letters, 2007, vol. 98, no. 12, p. 123201

Processes induced by the attachment of slow electrons to formic acid and its hydrogen-bonded dimer were studied. The elastic cross section and the cross section for the excitation of low quanta of discrete vibrations were found to be of a similar magnitude for both targets. A dramatic difference was found in the excitation of a vibrational quasicontinuum in the 1–2 eV range with the ejection of...

Université de Fribourg

Study of resonances in formic acid by means of vibrational excitation by slow electrons

Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Phyics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2006, vol. 39, no. 14, p. 2939-2947

Absolute differential elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections have been measured for formic acid at 135° from threshold to 5 eV. Most vibrationally inelastic cross sections have a narrow peak at threshold, followed by a broadband with a boomerang structure due to the known π* shape resonance. The cross section for the excitation of the O–H stretch vibration behaves differently, it...

Université de Fribourg

Elastic scattering, vibrational excitation, and attachment in low-energy electron-SF₆ scattering: Experiment and effective range theory

Fabrikant, Ilya I. ; Hotop, Hartmut ; Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review A, 2005, vol. 71, p. 022712-22721

Cross sections at low energies for vibrationally elastic and inelastic scattering, as well as electron attachment to SF₆, have been calculated using a multichannel effective range theory (ERT) with complex boundary conditions. The most active vibrational modes, the totally symmetric mode ν1 and the infrared active mode ν3, have been included in the calculation. The ERT parameters were fitted...

Université de Fribourg

Decay channels in the dissociative electron attachment to NO

Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2004, vol. 37, p. L359-L363

Kinetic energy spectra of O⁻ from dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to NO were measured at 7.6, 8.0, 9.0 and 10.0 eV electron energy using a spectrometer with hemispherical energy selectors for both the incident electrons and the resulting ions. The measurements were performed at 10°, 30°, 90° and 135°. The capacity of the spectrometer to detect both slow and fast ions was verified and...

Université de Fribourg

The assignment of dissociative electron attachment bands in compounds containing hydroxyl and amino groups

Skalický, Tomás ; Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2004, vol. 37, p. 4849-4859

Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) spectra were recorded for methanol, phenol, diethylamine, tetramethylhydrazine, piperazine, pyrrole and N,N-dimethylaniline. Comparison with He I photoelectron spectra permitted the assignment of virtually all DEA bands in the saturated compounds to core excited Feshbach resonances with double occupation of Rydberg-like orbitals and various Koopmans' states...

Université de Fribourg

Electron collisions with NO: Elastic scattering, vibrational excitation, and ²Πi1/2 ⇌ ²Π3/2 transitions

Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2005, vol. 38, p. 603

Absolute differential elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections have been measured for NO at 135° with resolution of the ²Π1/2 and ²Π3/2 spin-orbit components of the ground electronic term. The electronic fine structure excitation is dominated by the ³Σ⁻ and the ¹Δ resonances of NO⁻, the nonresonant contribution is very small. The cross section is very large, it has about the...

Université de Fribourg

Transitions between the ²Π₁͵₂ and ²Π₁͵₃ spin-orbit components of NO induced by impact of slow electrons

Allan, Michael

In: Physical Review Letters, 2004, vol. 93, p. 063201-63204

The electron impact cross section for the transition between the ²Π₁͵₂ and ²Π₁͵₃ spin-orbit components of the ground electronic term of nitric oxide, separated by 15 meV, has been measured as a function of electron energy at a scattering angle of Θ= 135°. It is dominated by the ³Σ⁻ and the ¹Δ resonances. Its magnitude is very large, at peak about equal to that of the elastic...

Université de Fribourg

Excitation of the four fundamental vibrations of CH₄ by electron impact near threshold

Allan, Michael

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2005, vol. 38, p. 1679

Absolute differential elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections have been measured for CH₄ at 90° and from 0.1 to 1.5 eV, with the resolution of all four vibrational modes. Threshold peaks were observed in the excitation of the ν1, ν3 and ν4 modes, but not in the ν2 mode. These results are in good agreement with the recent calculation of Nishimura and Gianturco (2002 J. Phys. B:...