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Université de Neuchâtel

Groundwater recharge dynamics by snowmelt

Meeks, Jessica ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Understanding the recharge mechanisms for karst aquifers is of great importance because these aquifers are relied upon by a quarter of Earth’s population, and because their recharge and discharge dynamics are often strongly coupled. Given this coupling, karst groundwater resources are inherently susceptible to surface processes such as climate, where the timing and volume of water infiltration...

Université de Neuchâtel

Isotope fractionation due to diffusion and sorption of chlorinated hydrocarbons and its implications for identifying reactive processes in aquifer - aquitard systems

Wanner, Philipp ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2016.

Chlorinated hydrocarbons are anthropogenic contaminants, which are known to be possibly carcinogenic to humans. Although the peak production of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the 1970ties was followed by a dramatic decrease in the subsequent decades, chlorinated hydrocarbons are still frequently detected in aquifer systems demonstrating their long-term persistence. When chlorinated hydrocarbons are...

Université de Neuchâtel

Application of carbon-chlorine isotopic analysis to determine the origin and fate of chlorinated ethenes in groundwater

Badin, Alice ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.) ; Schirmer, Mario (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2015.

Chlorinated ethenes are ubiquitous groundwater contaminants posing a threat to one of our main drinking water sources. Despite their spill history dating back to more than 40 years ago, these contaminants are still found in groundwater in numerous industrially developed countries due to their persistence, difficult characterisation in the subsurface and resulting challenging remediation. When...

Université de Neuchâtel

Riverbank filtration within the context of river restoration and climate change

Diem, Samuel ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.) ; Schirmer, Mario (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2013.

Mittels Uferfiltration gewonnenes Trinkwasser ist generell von hoher Qualität und stellt eine wichtige Trinkwasserressource für mehrere europäische Länder dar. In der Zukunft werden Uferfiltrationssysteme jedoch mit zwei bedeutenden Herausforderungen konfrontiert – Flussrevitalisierung und Klimaänderung. Das Ziel dieser Doktorarbeit war es, das Verständnis physikalischer und...

Université de Neuchâtel

Evaluating the effect of climate change on groundwater resources : from local to catchment scale

Möck, Christian ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.) ; Brunner, Philip (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2013.

There is strong evidence that climate is changing and will affect the water resources. A major question arising from the evaluation of climate change (CC) impacts on groundwater resources is to what extent groundwater recharge will change. Given that for Switzerland, climate models predict more frequent hot and dry summers in the future while precipitation will tend to increase in winter, a...

Université de Neuchâtel

Laboratory and numerical study of hyporheic flow in karst conduits and its effect on sediment-entrapped DNAPLs

Wu, Yuexia ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2013.

Contamination of karst aquifer, particularly by organic compounds, such as the Dense Non-aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs) constitutes a threat for water supply and the environment. Due to the presence of large openings in karst systems and the high density of DNAPLs they may frequently reach conduits and accumulate at low points such as siphon structures that likely also contain sediments. Hence...

Université de Neuchâtel

Isotope fractionation of volatile organic compounds in porous media under variably saturated conditions

Jeannottat, Simon ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2012.

Compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) has proven to be an effective tool to assess in-situ biodegradation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in groundwater and to distinguish between different contaminant sources. There is an increasing interest to apply the CSIA method also in unsaturated zone studies. However, under variably saturated conditions, physical processes such as phase...

Université de Neuchâtel

Investigating the origin of chloroform in soils and groundwater using carbon and chlorine stable isotopes analysis

Breider, Florian ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2013.

Chloroform (CHCl3) has been considered for a long time as an anthropogenic contaminant which is known to be possibly carcinogenic to humans. Chloroform is also an important contributor to gaseous chlorine in the atmosphere and may catalyze some chemical reactions in the lower atmosphere. The presence of chloroform in aquatic and terrestrial environments has been widely demonstrated....

Université de Neuchâtel

Development of a system for "in situ" determination of chlorinated hydrocarbons in groundwater

Boutsiadou, Xanthippe ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2012.

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and especially chlorinated hydrocarbons, are common groundwater contaminants. Efficient monitoring that can be conducted directly in the field is needed to detect a possible pollution by organic contaminants such as chlorinated hydrocarbons. The general aim of this project is to develop a portable instrument for the in situ measurement of chlorinated...

Université de Neuchâtel

Prediction of groundwater quality using transfer functions - an approach to link historical data to future concentrations

Baillieux, Antoine ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2012.

Groundwater quality has been degraded by anthropogenic activities at many locations. In order to reverse upward concentration trends, environmental programs such as land use changes are frequently implemented. To evaluate the efficiency of such measures, methods linking the evolution of the groundwater quality at public-supply wells to the history of pollutant inputs in their capture zones are...