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Université de Fribourg

How Cognitive Factors Affect Sleep: the impact of manipulated intention, instruction, and pre-sleep arousal on sleep quality in healthy sleep

Combertaldi, Selina Ladina ; Rasch, Björn (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2021.

Sleep is important for health and well-being. Nevertheless, sleep is disturbed in about 20% of the population (e.g., by insomnia) with cognition (e.g., recurrent thoughts, rumination, or worry) making sleep harder. This dissertation therefore describes three cognitive models that illustrate the influence of cognition on sleep. The first model describes how negative cognitive activity leads...

Université de Fribourg

Ecological Monitoring and Management App (EMMA) for Older Adults With Chronic Pain: Protocol for a Design and Feasibility Study

Ledermann, Katharina ; Abou Khaled, Omar ; Caon, Maurizio ; Berger, Thomas ; Chabwine, Joelle ; Martin-Soelch, Chantal

In: JMIR Research Protocols

Background: Chronic pain is a complex problem for many older adults that affects both physical functioning and psychological well-being. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have shown promise in supporting older persons in managing chronic conditions. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is recommended for older people with chronic pain. However, online treatment programs for chronic pain are...

Eidgenössische Hochschule für Berufsbildung EHB

Initial Evidence for the Hypersensitivity Hypothesis : Emotional Intelligence as a Magnifier of Emotional Experience

Fiori, Marina ; Ortony Andrew

In: Journal of Intelligence, 2021, vol. 9(2), no. 24, p. 17

In this article, we provide preliminary evidence for the ‘hypersensitivity hypothesis’, according to which Emotional Intelligence (EI) functions as a magnifier of emotional experience, enhancing the effect of emotion and emotion information on thinking and social perception. Measuring ability EI, and in particular Emotion Understanding, we describe an experiment designed to determine...

Université de Fribourg

Centrality of Religiosity Scale - Test of Model Configuration, Reliability, and Consistency in Romania, Georgia, and Russia

Ackert, Michael ; Schöbi, Dominik (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2021.

Measurement is fundamental in science. Social sciences generally and psychology, in particular, depend on objective, valid, and reliable psychometric scales. In the 20th century, the psychology of religion and spirituality spent a long time searching for comprehensive and trustworthy instruments to assess psychological constructs in the field of empirical studies of religion and spirituality....

Université de Fribourg

Family interactions and cortisol expression in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Esslinger, Jacqueline ; Schöbi, Dominik (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent in children and adolescents worldwide. Typical symptoms include inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Comorbidity with other disorders, such as Oppositional-Defiant Disorder (ODD) or Conduct Disorder (CD) are very common. Due to child symptoms, families of children with ADHD are prone to impaired family functioning....

Université de Fribourg

Positive humor in couples as interpersonal emotion regulation : A dyadic study in everyday life on the mediating role of psychological intimacy

Horn, Andrea B. ; Samson, Andrea C. ; Debrot, Anik ; Perrez, Mainrad

In: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2019, vol. 36, no. 8, p. 2376-2396

The aim of this study was to investigate daily positive humor in couples as an interpersonal emotion regulation strategy. Associated changes in psychological intimacy were tested as a possible socio- affective pathway of emotion regulation that mediates the effects of couple humor on changes in individual momentary affect. Within a dyadic ambulatory assessment framework, 102 couples...

Université de Fribourg

Benchmarking nonparametric Granger causality: Robustness against downsampling and influence of spectral decomposition parameters

Pagnotta, Mattia F. ; Dhamala, Mukesh ; Plomp, Gijs

In: NeuroImage, 2018, vol. 183, p. 478-494

Brain function arises from networks of distributed brain areas whose directed interactions vary at subsecond time scales. To investigate such interactions, functional directed connectivity methods based on nonparametric spectral factorization are promising tools, because they can be straightforwardly extended to the nonstationary case using wavelet transforms or multitapers on sliding time...

Université de Fribourg

The role of goal cueing in kindergarteners' working memory

Fitamen, Christophe ; Blaye, Agnès ; Camos, Valérie

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2019, vol. 187, p. 1-16

Goal neglect has been shown to contribute to kindergarteners’ poor executive control. Hence, presenting goal cues during a task improves children’s performance in inhibition and switching tasks. The current study aimed at extending these findings to working memory (WM) by examining the extent to which kindergarteners’ poor WM performance can result from neglecting the goal to recall...

Université de Fribourg

Traditional Amazonian Medicine Adapted To Treat Substance Use Disorder

Berlowitz, Ilana ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2017.

Pathological substance use is amongst the most persistent and costly ills of global modern society. In spite of advances made in therapeutic possibilities over the past decades, long-term treatment responses remain relatively discouraging, with relapse rates higher than for most other psychiatric disorders. The chronic disease course of substance use disorder (SUD) has led to debate whether...

Université de Fribourg

Mental representations of rotation in young children

Pedrett, Salome ; Frick, Andrea (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

The present thesis investigated how mental representations of rotation develop between 2 and 5.5 years of age. In Study 1, toddlers were presented with a rotating shape that disappeared briefly behind an occluder and reappeared either in its original or mirror-reversed form. Eye-tracking results showed that during visible rotation, toddlers between 2 and 3 years of age increasingly combined...