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Université de Neuchâtel

Living the prison : An ethnographic study of indefinite incarceration in Switzerland

Marti, Irene ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Hostettler, Ueli (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2020 ; TH 2820.

During the first half of the 20th century, rehabilitation served as the main paradigm for criminal policy in Switzerland, as in most so-called Western countries. However, changing demands for security and public pressure over the past decades have led to a shift towards a more punitive and hard-line approach to crime. This ‘punitive turn’ in criminal policy has produced more investment...

Université de Neuchâtel

Memories of the "liberation of Kosovo" among Albanian-speaking activists in Switzerland : narrating transnational belonging to the nation

Farquet, Romaine ; Dahinden, Janine (Dir.) ; Duijzings, Ger (Codir.) ; Schwander-Sievers, Stephanie (Codir.) ; Lacroix, Thomas (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

The Albanian-speaking population living in Switzerland mobilised massively on behalf of the national cause in Kosovo in the 1990s. After the end of the conflict, that saw the departure of the Serbian forces from Kosovo (1999), some of the Albanian-speaking activists from Switzerland returned to their homeland. Many others remained in Switzerland, where they largely diminished or terminated their...

Université de Fribourg

Changer le travail ou changer la société ? : Les hackers entre conformation à l'ordre social et volonté d'innover

Zufferey, Eric ; Surdez, Muriel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

Changing workplace or society? Hackers between compliance with the social order and the will to innovate. This thesis looks at hacking as source of social change, or even subversion of the social order. Hacking involves self-directed learning and remove social barriers between hobbyists, professionals and activists. Therefore, it raises the hope to renew the access to knowledge and the role of...

Université de Neuchâtel

La gestion durable des sols agricoles : sécuriser les démarches ou légitimer les controverses ? L’exemple des politiques agroenvironnementales autour de l’érosion hydrique des sols arables en Suisse

Derungs, Nicolas ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Mitchell, Edward (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018 ; TH. 2722.

This interdisciplinary dissertation (combining natural, political and social sciences) focuses on the sustainable management of agricultural soils. More specifically, it tackles Swiss environmental and agricultural policies for qualitative soil protection and the accompanying measures to limit water erosion of arable lands. Aiming to launch sustained debate and reflection about the dominant...

Université de Neuchâtel

Ethnic discrimination in the Swiss labour market - Ethnic hierarchies in correspondence test results

Zschirnt, Eva ; D'Amato, Gianni (Dir.) ; Bonoli, Giuliano (Codir.) ; Haagensen, Arnfinn (Codir.) ; Rich, Judy (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

As a part of the NCCR on the move’s individual project on “Discrimination as an obstacle to social cohesion”, this dissertation focuses on the discrimination of ethnic minorities in the Swiss labour market. Since discrimination is no longer an overt and thus easily observable phenomenon, research on discrimination, and especially on discrimination in hiring decisions has become more...

Université de Neuchâtel

Improvement of quality of life through adaptation ? : A qualitative longitudinal approach on households in precarious prosperity in three european countries

Sieber, Rebekka ; Suter, Christian (Dir.) ; Budowski, Monica (Codir.) ; Bonvin, Jean-Michel (Codir.) ; Maeder, Philippe (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

The present study investigates adaptation to precarious prosperity through linking quality of life research with social inequality research. The focus is on households in a specific socioeconomic position termed precarious prosperity. These households struggle to maintain a degree of secure prosperity and are a concern addressed by researchers and policy makers. The topic of adaptation is...

Université de Neuchâtel

Two birds, one stone : essays on the values of Swiss forest ecosystem services

Borzykowski, Nicolas ; Zarin, Milad (Dir.) ; Baranzini, Andrea (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2017 ; 2663.

Forests provide several valuable services to the Swiss population such as wood, recreational opportunities, carbon sequestration and habitat for biodiversity, among others. Since wood exploitation contributes to forests maintenance, it is acknowledged that a reasonable intensification of wood harvest would benefit other forest ecosystem services in Switzerland. In addition, because of its CO...

Université de Neuchâtel

De la production à la consommation : le rôle de l'économie résidentielle dans le développement régional

Segessemann, Alain ; Crevoisier, Olivier (Dir.) ; Aubert, Francis (Codir.) ; Shearmur, Richard (Codir.) ; Talandier, Magalil (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2016.

Dans un monde où la mobilité de la population, du capital et des biens et services s'accélère, mieux connaître où les revenus de la population sont dépensés représente un enjeu économique central pour le développement régional. En sachant que les services personnels et les services liés à l'habitat ont connu un essor important ces dernières années, les lieux de résidence de la...

Université de Neuchâtel

Three essays on supply and demand in the Swiss health care system

Pletscher, Mark ; Jeanrenaud, Claude (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2015 ; 2516.

The Swiss health care system is facing various challenges including high health care costs, wasteful and medically harmful over-treatment, regional variation in access to care and a lack of transparency. Because physicians and patients are granted considerable autonomy in medical decision making a thorough understanding of their motives and behaviors is a prerequisite for successful policy. This...

Université de Neuchâtel

DomesTICation : ethnographie d'un travail de conception technique pour le maintien à domicile

Bertini, Laura ; Ghasarian, Christian (Dir.) ; Geslin, Philippe (Dir.) ; Mantovani, Giuseppe (Codir.) ; Vinck, Dominique (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2014.

Mes recherches portent sur la conception et la mise à l’épreuve d’un bouquet technologique à destination de personnes âgées ou handicapées. Par la problématisation des catégories et des représentations associées à la vieillesse, je vais analyser le décalage entre usages prescrits par les concepteurs des technologies et usages observés auprès des usagers. Par une approche...