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Université de Fribourg

Neuralink and Beyond: Challenges of Creating an Enhanced Human

Gurtner, Dimitri

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-01)

This article is a literature review of Neuralink, brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) and their applications, followed by future possibilities of BMIs and their potential impacts. Currently, BMIs predominantly have therapeutic applications, such as helping people with spinal cord injury by allowing them to control a computer directly with their brain. However, BMIs can also improve learning,...

Université de Fribourg

Prevenire le radicalizzazioni. Collaborazione tra Stato e organizzazioni musulmane = Radikalisierungen vorbeugen : Zusammenarbeit zwischen Staat und muslimischen Organisationen

Schmid, Hansjörg ; Schneuwly Purdie, Mallory ; Lang, Andrea

(CSIS-Papers ; 2)

La radicalizzazione legata all'islam è una delle principali fonti di preoccupazione sia per le autorità che per i membri della società civile, musulmani e non. Come sottolinea la Rete integrata Svizzera per la sicurezza, le misure di prevenzione non possono essere ridotte a disposizioni giudiziarie o penali, ma devono includere il lavoro di altri tipi di attori, come ad esempio le associazioni...

Université de Fribourg

I musulmani nello spazio pubblico e mediatico = Muslime im öffentlichen und medialen Raum

Schmid, Hansjörg ; Schneuwly Purdie, Mallory ; Lang, Andrea

(CSIS-Papers ; 5)

I workshop sul tema dei media e dell’opinione pubblica si sono concentrati su un tema delicato del progetto « Le organizzazioni musulmane come attrici sociali ». L’islam non è di per sé un caso particolare, ma un soggetto della società come molti altri. Nell’adempiere i loro obblighi di informazione, i media riportano notizie relative all’islam come fanno per altri argomenti. Ma le...

Université de Fribourg

Japanese City Pop abroad : findings from an online music community survey

Sommet, Moritz ; Kato, Ken

City Pop is a loosely defined musical genre that first emerged in Japan in the late 1970s. Having undergone several recontextualizations and revivals in its country of origin, the genre has recently gained an international following among young Internet users. The most enthusiastic of City Pop’s new fans meet in social media groups and online forums; as of late 2020, a dozen fan communities...

Université de Fribourg

Adverse Effects of Monitoring: Evidence from a field experiment

Herz, Holger ; Zihlmann, Christian

(Working Papers SES ; 522)

We conduct a field experiment with remote workers to assess potential adverse effects of monitoring. We find that monitoring reduces the average performance of workers, in particular among the intrinsically motivated workforce. Moreover, monitoring cultivates the average worker: There are fewer high performers and the variance in performance is significantly reduced. Importantly, we show that...

Université de Fribourg

Assessing the effects of seasonal tariff-rate quotas on vegetable prices in Switzerland

Loginova, Daria ; Portmann, Marco ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 521)

Causal estimation of the short-term effects of tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) on vegetable producer prices is hampered by the large variety and different growing seasons of vegetables and is therefore rarely performed. We quantify the effects of Swiss seasonal TRQs on domestic producer prices of a variety of vegetables based on a difference-indifferences estimation using a novel dataset of weekly...

Université de Fribourg

Vers une pédagogie des contacts dans l’enseignement des langues-cultures : une synthèse = Kontaktpädagogik im Unterricht von Sprachen und Kulturen: Kurzbericht

Wokusch, Susanne ; Li Rosi, Tiziana ; Margonis-Pasinetti, Rosanna ; Zoller, Veronika

(Rapports du Centre scientifique de compétence sur le plurilinguisme)

Aujourd’hui, tout apprentissage d’une langue-culture étrangère (LCE) devrait inclure l’opportunité d’utiliser la langue apprise dans un contexte réel avec des interlocutrices de cette LCE. Or, dans le cadre de l’école obligatoire notamment, les échanges physiques restent limités à une petite minorité d’élèves et d’enseignantes et ce, malgré l’existence de...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Things versus People: Gender Differences in Vocational Interests and in Occupational Preferences

Kuhn, Andreas ; Wolter, Stefan C.

Occupational choices remain strongly segregated by gender, for reasons not yet fully understood. In this paper, we use detailed information on the cognitive requirements in 130 distinct learnable occupations in the Swiss apprenticeship system to describe the broad job content in these occupations along the things-versus-people dimension. We first show that our occupational classification along...