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Université de Fribourg

Direct and indirect effects based on changes-in-changes

Huber, Martin ; Schelker, Mark ; Strittmatter, Anthony

(Working Papers SES ; 508)

We propose a novel approach for causal mediation analysis based on changes-in- changes assumptions restricting unobserved heterogeneity over time. This allows disentangling the causal effect of a binary treatment on a continuous outcome into an indirect effect operating through a binary intermediate variable (called mediator) and a direct effect running via other causal mechanisms. We identify...

Université de Fribourg

A substantial discount on ski passes : a synthetic control analysis

Wallimann, Hannes

(Working Papers SES ; 507)

The synthetic control method serves as an appropriate and promising approach to do quantitative comparison research. However, the method is rarely used in the context of tourism. We fill this research gap by applying the method to the case of a Swiss mountain destination. Alpine tourist destinations have suffered from a declining demand in the last decade. Fewer tourist visit ski resorts....

Université de Fribourg

The effects of gender and parental occupation in the apprenticeship market : an experimental evaluation

Fernandes, Ana ; Huber, Martin ; Plaza, Camila

(Working Papers SES ; 506)

The apprenticeship market is the earliest possible entry into the workforce in developed economies. Since early labor market shocks are likely magnified throughout professional life, avoiding mismatches between talent and occupations e.g. due to gender- or status-based discrimination appears crucial. This experimental study investigates the effects of applicant gender and its interaction with...

Université de Fribourg

Medical and nursery care with endogenous health and longevity

Schünemann, Johannes ; Strulik, Holger ; Trimborn, Timo

(Working Papers SES ; 505)

For the population over 65, nursery care expenditures constitute on average the largest share in total health expenditures. In this paper, we distinguish between medical care, intended to improve ones state of health, and personal care required for daily routine. Personal care can be either carried out autonomously or by a third party. In the course of aging, autonomous personal care is...

Université de Fribourg

An introduction to flexible methods for policy evaluation

Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 504)

This chapter covers different approaches to policy evaluation for assessing the causal effect of a treatment or intervention on an outcome of interest. As an introduction to causal inference, the discussion starts with the experimental evaluation of a randomized treatment. It then reviews evaluation methods based on selection on observables (assuming a quasi-random treatment given observed...

Université de Neuchâtel

Drought-Induced Human Displacement in Turkey

Delju, Amir H. ; Piguet, Etienne ; Rebebez, Martine ; Ceylan, Abdullah

(Working Papers MAPS ; 5)

This paper analyses the correlation between drought spells, using the Standardized Precipitation Index and internal migration in rural communities in Turkey between 2007 and 2015. It aims to assess the quantified and evidencebased relationship between the compound effect of drought and migration in Turkey. As the correlation coefficient between the SPI and the Rate of Net Migration showed direct...

Université de Neuchâtel

De-qualification and de-emancipation among recently arrived highly skilled immigrant women in Switzerland

Gerber, Sarah ; Wanner, Philippe

(nccr on the move ; 23)

Immigrants face numerous obstacles to integrating themselves into the Swiss labor market. One issue is the underutilization of skills, qualifications, and knowledge, which results in a brain waste for the migrants as well as for the Swiss society. This study examines the determinants of dequalificationand de-emancipation among the recently arrived highly skilled immigrant women in Switzerland....

Université de Neuchâtel

Segregation Patterns among Foreigners in Switzerland: A Multi-Scalar Approach (1990 – 2014)

Zufferey, Jonathan

(nccr on the move ; 22)

This ‘nccr on the move’ working paper examines the settlement and segregation of foreigners in Switzerland between 1990 and 2014. Based on a novel approach that addresses the modifiable areal unit problem common in most of the research on the topic, this paper compares 12 groups of foreigners at the regional, cantonal and neighborhood levels for the years 1990, 2000 and 2014. The...

Université de Fribourg

Health consequences of sterilizations

La Rupelle, Maëlys de ; Dumas, Christelle

(Working Papers SES ; 503)

In India, as in many developing countries, female sterilization is the main contraceptive method: 37% of women older than 25 are sterilized. However, no economic study assesses the effect of sterilization, providing guidance on efficient reproductive health policies. We analyze the consequences of sterilization for maternal health, considering the endogeneity of the decision. We exploit that...

Université de Fribourg

Returns to farm child labor in Tanzania

André, Pierre ; Delesalle, Esther ; Dumas, Christelle

(Working Papers SES ; 502)

In developing countries, the opportunity costs of children’s time can significantly hinder universal education. This paper studies one of these opportunity costs: we estimate the agricultural productivity of children aged 10 to 15 years old using the LSMS-ISA panel survey in Tanzania. Since child labor can be endogenous, we exploit the panel structure of the data and instrument child labor...