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Université de Neuchâtel

What Feminist Epistemology has to Offer to Reflexive Migration Studies

Khazaei, Faten

(Working Papers MAPS ; 4)

This paper investigates the normative, epistemological, and methodological challenges of achieving reflexivity in migration studies, and it suggests a better engagement with feminist epistemology as a solution to these challenges. Specifically, it argues that feminist standpoint theory and the situated knowledge paradigm can contribute to critically interrogating key concepts in the field and...

Université de Fribourg

Household resources and individual strategies

Deschênes, Sarah ; Dumas, Christelle ; Lambert, Sylvie

(Working Papers SES ; 517)

The question of diverging interests and preferences within couples over the use of household resources and the consequences of these conflictual views has been present for a long time in the development literature, albeit in a somewhat scattered way. This paper selectively reviews the abundant literature that offers insights into the intrahousehold decision-making process, the strategies put...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

European inventory on validation of nonformal and informal learning 2018 update: Switzerland.

Salini, D. ; Weber Guisan, S. ; Tsandev, E.

The European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning is a regularly updated overview of validation practices and arrangements across Europe. It is compiled in cooperation with the European Commission and ETF. The inventory was endorsed by the Council recommendation of 2012 on validation and works together with the European guidelines as a tool to support countries in...

Université de Fribourg

Gender differences in wage expectations

Fernandes, Ana ; Huber, Martin ; Vaccaro, Giannina

(Working Papers SES ; 516)

Using a survey on wage expectations among students at two Swiss institutions of higher education, we examine the wage expectations of our respondents along two main lines. First, we investigate the rationality of wage expectations by comparing average expected wages from our sample with those of similar graduates; we further examine how our respondents revise their expectations when provided...

Université de Fribourg

Causal mediation analysis with double machine learning

Farbmacher, Helmut ; Huber, Martin ; Langen, Henrika ; Spindler, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 515)

This paper combines causal mediation analysis with double machine learning to control for observed confounders in a data-driven way under a selection-on- observables assumption in a high-dimensional setting. We consider the average indirect effect of a binary treatment operating through an intermediate variable (or mediator) on the causal path between the treatment and the outcome, as well as...

Université de Fribourg

Bounds on direct and indirect effects under treatment/mediator endogeneity and outcome attrition

Huber, Martin ; Lafférs, Lukáš

(Working Papers SES ; 514)

Causal mediation analysis aims at disentangling a treatment effect into an indirect mechanism operating through an intermediate outcome or mediator, as well as the direct effect of the treatment on the outcome of interest. However, the evaluation of direct and indirect effects is frequently complicated by non-ignorable selection into the treatment and/or mediator, even after controlling for...

Université de Fribourg

Machine learning approach for flagging incomplete bid-rigging cartels

Wallimann, Hannes ; Imhof, David ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 513)

We propose a new method for flagging bid rigging, which is particularly useful for detecting incomplete bid-rigging cartels. Our approach combines screens, i.e. statistics derived from the distribution of bids in a tender, with machine learning to predict the probability of collusion. As a methodological innovation, we calculate such screens for all possible subgroups of three or four bids...

Université de Neuchâtel

R.I.C.E. – An Integrated Model of Welfare Deservingness Perceptions

Knotz, Carlo ; Gandenberger, Mia ; Bonoli, Giuliano ; Fossati, Flavia

(nccr on the move ; 26)

Research on deservingness perceptions is currently one of the most vibrant areas in the field of welfare state analysis. In this manuscript, we critically assess the state-of-the-art in this field of research and, in particular, the two dominant theoretical approaches, the C.A.R.I.N. framework and the ‘deservingness heuristics’ model. In doing so, we identify some important problems,...

Université de Fribourg

M&A by Chinese POEs in developed countries : acquiring and bundling strategic assets

Wu, Juan ; Morschett, Dirk

(Working Papers SES ; 512)

Building on the resource-based view and based on 33 interviews with top executives of 11 Chinese private owned enterprises (POEs) and 15 Western target companies, this study is an in-depth multi-case analysis of Chinese crossborder merger and acquisitions. While literature has argued that acquisitions by Chinese companies in developed countries are motivated by asset-seeking, this study takes...

Université de Neuchâtel

Precarity among mobile academics: The price of a (successful) academic career?

Schaer, Martine

(Working Papers MAPS ; 3)

In the early stages of their career, academics often move abroad for fixed-term positions, urged by the normative imperative to gain international experience and the need to accept academic opportunities where they arise. This paper examines the obstacles and challenges that three academics who engaged in a series of mobility episodes confronted and how they articulated competing demands from...