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Université de Neuchâtel

Learning and Instruction: Social-Cognitive Perspectives

Carugati, Felice ; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

In: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences

In this article, we try to expand the lenses classically used in social psychology of development, and in particular, in the post-Piagetian tradition, to recent contributions of social and cognitive dynamics in development and learning. Psychological development has to be redefined as involving socially framed, culturally mediated, and interpersonally negotiated processes, and the dynamic...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Learning from the Swiss corporate governance exception

Vatiero, Massimiliano

The Swiss economy represents an exception to the legal origin theory (e.g., Roe (2006)). Although Switzerland is a country belonging to the civil law family, many of its public companies have diffused corporate ownership, as do those in common law countries. This paper maintains that the Swiss exception relies on the complementarity between corporate ownership and policies addressing...

Université de Fribourg

Reproducing Botryosphaeria dieback foliar symptoms in a simple model system

Reis, Pedro ; Magnin-Robert, Maryline ; Nascimento, Teresa ; Spagnolo, Alessandro ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Fioretti, Cristina ; Clément, Christophe ; Rego, Cecilia ; Fontaine, Florence

In: Plant Disease

Botryosphaeria dieback is a grapevine trunk disease with a worldwide distribution and associated with Diplodia seriata and Neofusicoccum parvum among several other Botryosphaeriaceae species. The aforementioned xylem-inhabiting fungi cause wood lesions, leaf and berry symptoms and eventually lead to the death of the plant. The aim of this work was to develop a simple model system to reproduce the...

Université de Fribourg

Changes in plant metabolism and accumulation of fungal metabolites in response to Esca proper and apoplexy expression in the whole grapevine

Magnin-Robert, Maryline ; Spagnolo, Alessandro ; Boulanger, Anna ; Joyeux, Cécile ; Clément, Christophe ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Fontaine, Florence

In: Phytopathology

Trunk diseases have become among the most important grapevine diseases worldwide. They are caused by fungal pathogens that attack the permanent woody structure of the vines and cause various symptoms in woody and annual organs. This study examined modifications of plant responses in green stem, cordon and trunk of grapevines expressing Esca proper (E) or apoplexy (A) event, which are the most...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The role of culture in long-term care

Gentili, Elena ; Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio

The aim of this paper is to assess the role of culture in shaping individual preferences to- wards different long-term care (LTC) arrangements. The analysis uses Swiss data from two administrative databases covering the universe of formal LTC providers between 2007 and 2013. Switzerland is a multi-cultural confederation where state administrative borders do not always coincide with cultural...

Università della Svizzera italiana

On the (political) origin of "corporate governance" species

Vatiero, Massimiliano

In: Journal of Economic Surveys

Although economies, business practices, and living standards have converged since WWII, corporate structures continue to differ among the advanced economies of the world. Looking at the diversity of corporate structures of large-sized firms around the world (and over time) would fascinate Charles Darwin. This work develops a critical review of the literature on political determinants of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Persistent and transient productive inefficiency in a regulated industry : electricity distribution in New Zealand

Filippini, Massimo ; Greene, William H. ; Masiero, Giuliano

The productive efficiency of a firm can be decomposed into two parts, one persistent and one transient. So far, most of the cost efficiency studies estimated frontier models that provide either the transient or the persistent part of productive efficiency. This distinction seems to be appealing also for regulators. During the last decades, public utilities such as water and electricity have...

Université de Fribourg

Demography vs. Legitimacy : Current issues in Swiss language policy

Berthele, Raphael

In: Cahiers de l'Institut de Linguistique et des Sciences Du Langage

This paper discusses current language policy debates on national and immigrated languages in Switzerland. Problems with the principle of territoriality, which represents a locally monolingual regime in an officially quadrilingual country, and other issues related to the legal status of languages are discussed. The proportional representation of the national minorities and the use of their...