Université de Fribourg

JNK1 and IKKβ: molecular links between obesity and metabolic dysfunction

Solinas, Giovanni ; Karin, Michael

In: The FASEB Journal, 2010, p. -

Inflammation is thought to underlie the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases. It is now established that obesity results in a state of chronic low-grade inflammation thought to contribute to several metabolic disorders, including insulin resistance and pancreatic islet dysfunction. The protein kinases JNK1 and IKKβ have been found to serve as critical molecular links between obesity, metabolic...

Université de Fribourg

The direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle thermogenesis is mediated by substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation

Solinas, Giovanni ; Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Gubler, Marcel ; Pirola, Luciano ; Wymann, Matthias P. ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane

In: FEBS Letters, 2004, vol. 577 (3), p. 539-544

We report here studies that integrate data of respiration rate from mouse skeletal muscle in response to leptin and pharmacological interference with intermediary metabolism, together with assays for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Our results suggest that the direct effect of leptin in stimulating thermogenesis in skeletal muscle is mediated by...

Université de Fribourg

Ectopic fat storage in heart, blood vessels and kidneys in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases

Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Carroll, Joan F. ; Dwyer, Terry M. ; Antic, Vladan ; Yang, Zhihong ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2004, vol. 28, p. S58-65

In humans and most animal models, the development of obesity leads not only to increased fat depots in classical adipose tissue locations but also to significant lipid deposits within and around other tissues and organs, a phenomenon known as ectopic fat storage. The purpose of this review is to explore the possible locations of ectopic fat in key target-organs of cardiovascular control (heart,...