Université de Fribourg

Body size–climate relationships of European spiders

Entling, Wiebke ; Schmidt-Entling, Martin H. ; Bacher, Sven ; Brandl, Roland ; Nentwig, Wolfgang

In: Journal of Biogeography, 2009///doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02216.x

Aim: Geographic body size patterns of mammals and birds can be partly understood under the framework of Bergmann's rule. Climatic influences on body size of invertebrates, however, appear highly variable and lack a comparable, generally applicable theoretical framework. We derived predictions for body size–climate relationships for spiders from the literature and tested them using three...

Université de Fribourg

Contrasting patterns in the invasions of European terrestrial and freshwater habitats by alien plants, insects and vertebrates

Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven ; Chytrý, Milan ; Jarošík, Vojtěch ; Wild, Jan ; Celesti-Grapow, Laura ; Gassó, Núria ; Kenis, Marc ; Lambdon, Philip W. ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Pergl, Jan ; Roques, Alain ; Sádlo, Jiří ; Solarz, Wojciech ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Hulme, Philip E.

In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2010, p. -

Aim To provide the first comparative overview on the current numbers of alien species that invade representative European terrestrial and freshwater habitats for a range of taxonomic groups. Location Europe. Methods Numbers of naturalized alien species of plants, insects, herptiles, birds and mammals occurring in 10 habitats defined according to the European Nature Information System (EUNIS) were...

Université de Fribourg

The role of non-native plants and vertebrates in defining patterns of compositional dissimilarity within and across continents

Winter, Marten ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Sorte, Frank A. La ; Schweiger, Oliver ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Klotz, Stefan

In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2010, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 332-342

Aim Human activities have led to the spread and establishment of increasing numbers of non-native species. Here we assess whether non-native plant and vertebrate species have affected species compositions within and across Europe and North America. We also assess the effects of intra-continental species exchange using the example of vertebrates.Location European countries and North America...

Université de Fribourg

Troubling travellers: are ecologically harmful alien species associated with particular introduction pathways?

Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven ; Essl, Franz ; Genovesi, Piero ; Harrower, Colin A. ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Kenis, Marc ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Perglová, Irena ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Roques, Alain ; Roy, David B. ; Roy, Helen E. ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Winter, Marten ; Nentwig, Wolfgang

In: NeoBiota, 2017, vol. 32, p. 1–20

Prioritization of introduction pathways is seen as an important component of the management of biological invasions. We address whether established alien plants, mammals, freshwater fish and terrestrial invertebrates with known ecological impacts are associated with particular introduction pathways (release, escape, contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided). We used the information from...