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Université de Fribourg

Monitoring of seasonal glacier mass balance over the European Alps using low-resolution optical satellite images

Drolon, Vanessa ; Maisongrande, Philippe ; Berthier, Etienne ; Wwinnen, Else ; Huss, Matthias

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2016, vol. 62, no. 235, p. 912–927

We explore a new method to retrieve seasonal glacier mass balances (MBs) from low- resolution optical remote sensing. We derive annual winter and summer snow maps of the Alps during 1998–2014 using SPOT/VEGETATION 1 km resolution imagery. We combine these seasonal snow maps with a DEM to calculate a ‘mean regional’ altitude of snow (Z) in a region surrounding a glacier. Then, we compare...

Université de Fribourg

Historical analysis and visualization of the retreat of Findelengletscher, Switzerland, 1859–2010

Rastner, P. ; Joerg, P.C. ; Huss, Matthias ; Zemp, Michael

In: Global and Planetary Change, 2016, vol. 145, p. 67–77

Since the end of the Little Ice Age around 1850, glaciers in Europe have strongly retreated. Thanks to early topographic surveys in Switzerland, accurate maps are available, which enable us to trace glacier changes back in time. The earliest map for all of Switzerland that is usable for a detailed analysis is the Dufour map from around 1850 with subsequent topographic maps on a ~ 20 year...

Université de Fribourg

Mass-balance reconstruction for Glacier No. 354, Tien Shan, from 2003 to 2014

Kronenberg, Marlene ; Barandun, Martina ; Hoelzle, Martin ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Azisov, Erlan ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Gafurov, Abror ; Petrakov, Dmitry ; Kääb, Andreas

In: Annals of Glaciology, 2016, vol. 57, no. 71, p. 92–102

This study presents a reconstruction of the seasonal mass balance of Glacier No. 354, located in the Akshiirak range, Kyrgyzstan, from 2003 to 2014. We use a distributed accumulation and temperature-index melt model driven by daily air temperature and precipitation from a nearby meteorological station. The model is calibrated with in situ measurements of the annual mass balance collected from...

Université de Fribourg

Montanaqua: tackling water stress in the alps: water management options in the crans-montana-sierre region (valais)

Schneider, Flurina ; Bonriposi, Mariano ; Graefe, Olivier ; Herweg, Karl ; Homewood, Christine ; Huss, Matthias ; Kauzlaric, Martina ; Liniger, Hanspeter ; Rey, Emmanuel ; Reynard, Emmanuel ; Rist, Stephan ; Schädler, Bruno ; Weingartner, Rolf

In: GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 2016, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 191–193

Transdisciplinary research is considered an appropriate mode of knowledge production in the search for pathways towards a more sustainable governance of natural resources. However, the co-production of new knowledge between scientists of different disciplines and nonacademic stakeholders is a challenge that requires novel research designs, methods, and approaches. The MontanAqua team has ...

Université de Fribourg

Application and validation of long-range terrestrial laser scanning to monitor the mass balance of very small glaciers in the Swiss Alps

Fischer, Mauro ; Huss, Matthias ; Kummert, Mario ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: The Cryosphere, 2016, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 1279–1295

Due to the relative lack of empirical field data, the response of very small glaciers (here defined as being smaller than 0.5 km²) to current atmospheric warming is not fully understood yet. Investigating their mass balance, e.g. using the direct glaciological method, is a prerequisite to fill this knowledge gap. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) techniques operating in the near infrared...

Université de Fribourg

Sensitivity of very small glaciers in the Swiss Alps to future climate change

Huss, Matthias ; Fischer, Mauro

In: Cryospheric Sciences, 2016, p. 34

Very small glaciers (<0.5 km2) account for more than 80% of the total number of glaciers in mid- to low-latitude mountain ranges. Although their total area and volume is small compared to larger glaciers, they are a relevant component of the cryosphere, contributing to landscape formation, local hydrology, and sea-level rise. Worldwide glacier monitoring mostly focuses on medium-sized to large...

Université de Fribourg

Mass balance re-analysis of Findelengletscher, Switzerland; benefits of extensive snow accumulation measurements

Sold, Leo ; Huss, Matthias ; Machguth, Horst ; Joerg, Philip C. ; Leysinger Vieli, Gwendolyn ; Linsbauer, Andreas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Zemp, Michael ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: Front. Earth Sci. - Cryospheric Sciences, 2016, p. 18

A re-analysis is presented here of a 10 year mass balance series at Findelengletscher, a temperate mountain glacier in Switzerland. Calculating glacier-wide mass balance from the set of glaciological point balance observations using conventional approaches, such as the profile or contour method, resulted in significant deviations from the reference value given by the geodetic mass...

Université de Fribourg

Imaging spectroscopy to assess the composition of ice surface materials and their impact on glacier mass balance

Naegeli, Kathrin ; Damm, Alexander ; Huss, Matthias ; Schaepman, Michael ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: Remote Sensing of Environment, 2015, vol. 168, p. 388–402

Glacier surfaces are not only composed of ice or snow but are heterogeneous mixtures of different materials. The occurrence and dynamics of light-absorbing impurities affect ice surface characteristics and strongly influence glacier melt processes. However, our understanding of the spatial distribution of impurities and their impact on ice surface characteristics and the glacier's energy budget...

Université de Fribourg

The value of multiple data set calibration versus model complexity for improving the performance of hydrological models in mountain catchments

Finger, David ; Vis, Marc ; Huss, Matthias ; Seibert, Jan

In: Water Resources Research, 2015, vol. 51, no. 4, p. 1939–1958

The assessment of snow, glacier, and rainfall runoff contribution to discharge in mountain streams is of major importance for an adequate water resource management. Such contributions can be estimated via hydrological models, provided that the modeling adequately accounts for snow and glacier melt, as well as rainfall runoff. We present a multiple data set calibration approach to estimate runoff...

Université de Fribourg

Re-analysis of seasonal mass balance at Abramov glacier 1968–2014

Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Sold, Leo ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Azisov, Erlan ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Merkushkin, Alexandr ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2015, vol. 61, no. 230, p. 1103–1117

Abramov glacier, located in the Pamir Alay, Kyrgyzstan, is a reference glacier within the Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers. Long-term glaciological measurements exist from 1968 to 1998 and a mass-balance monitoring programme was re-established in 2011. In this study we re-analyse existing mass-balance data and use a spatially distributed mass-balance model to provide continuous seasonal...