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Université de Fribourg

The cuticle and plant defense to pathogens

Metraux, Jean-Pierre ; Serrano, Mario ; Torres, Martha ; Coluccia, Fania ; L’Haridon, Floriane

In: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, vol. 5, p. 274

The cuticle provides a physical barrier against water loss and protects against irradiation, xenobiotics and pathogens. Components of the cuticle are perceived by invading fungi and activate developmental processes during pathogenesis. In addition, cuticle alterations of various types induce a syndrome of reactions that often results in resistance to necrotrophs. This article reviews the current...

Université de Fribourg

Pathogen and circadian controlled 1 (PCC1) regulates polar lipid content, ABA-related responses, and pathogen defence in Arabidopsis thaliana

Mir, Ricardo ; Hernández, M. Luisa ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Martínez-Rivas, José Manuel ; Mauch, Félix ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; León, José

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, 2013, vol. 64, no. 11, p. 3385–3395

Pathogen and Circadian Controlled 1 (PCC1) was previously characterized as a regulator of defence against pathogens and stress-activated transition to flowering. Plants expressing an RNA interference construct for the PCC1 gene (iPCC1 plants) showed a pleiotropic phenotype. They were hypersensitive to abscisic acid (ABA) as shown by reduced germination potential and seedling establishment, as...

Université de Fribourg

A role for β-sitosterol to stigmasterol conversion in plant–pathogen interactions

Griebel, Thomas ; Zeier, Jürgen

In: The Plant Journal, 2010, vol. 63, no. 2, p. 254–268

Upon inoculation with pathogenic microbes, plants induce an array of metabolic changes that potentially contribute to induced resistance or even enhance susceptibility. When analysing leaf lipid composition during the Arabidopsis thaliana–Pseudomonas syringae interaction, we found that accumulation of the phytosterol stigmasterol is a significant plant metabolic process that occurs upon...

Université de Fribourg

Subcellular immunocytochemical analysis detects the highest concentrations of glutathione in mitochondria and not in plastids

Zechmann, B. ; Mauch, Felix ; Sticher, Liliane ; Müller, M.

In: Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, vol. 59, no. 14, p. 4017-4027

The tripeptide glutathione is a major antioxidant and redox buffer with multiple roles in plant metabolism. Glutathione biosynthesis is restricted to the cytosol and the plastids and the product is distributed to the various organelles by unknown mechanisms. In the present study immunogold cytochemistry based on anti-glutathione antisera and transmission electron microscopy was used to determine...

Université de Fribourg

Evolution of the cutinase gene family: Evidence for lateral gene transfer of a candidate Phytophthora virulence factor

Belbahri, Lassaad ; Calmin, Gautier ; Mauch, Felix ; Andersson, Jan O.

In: Gene, 2008, vol. 408, no. 1-2, p. 1-8

Lateral gene transfer (LGT) can facilitate the acquisition of new functions in recipient lineages, which may enable them to colonize new environments. Several recent publications have shown that gene transfer between prokaryotes and eukaryotes occurs with appreciable frequency. Here we present a study of interdomain gene transfer of cutinases – well documented virulence factors in fungi –...

Université de Fribourg

Regulation of phyllotaxis

Reinhardt, Didier

In: International Journal of Developmental Biology, 2005, vol. 49, p. 539

Plant architecture is characterized by a high degree of regularity. Leaves, flowers and floral organs are arranged in regular patterns, a phenomenon referred to as phyllotaxis. Regular phyllotaxis is found in virtually all higher plants, from mosses, over ferns, to gymnosperms and angiosperms. Due to its remarkable precision, its beauty and its accessibility, phyllotaxis has for centuries been...