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Université de Fribourg

Robust changes and sources of uncertainty in the projected hydrological regimes of Swiss catchments

Addor, Nans ; Rössler, Ole ; Köplin, Nina ; Huss, Matthias ; Weingartner, Rolf ; Seibert, Jan

In: Water Resources Research, 2014, p. -

Projections of discharge are key for future water resources management. These projections are subject to uncertainties, which are difficult to handle in the decision process on adaptation strategies. Uncertainties arise from different sources such as the emission scenarios, the climate models and their post-processing, the hydrological models and natural variability. Here we present a detailed...

Université de Fribourg

Ice thickness measurements and volume estimates for glaciers in Norway

Andreassen, l.M. ; Huss, Matthias ; Melvold, K. ; Elvehøy, H. ; Winsvold, S. H.

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2015, vol. 61, no. 228, p. 763–775

Glacier volume and ice thickness distribution are important variables for water resource management in Norway and the assessment of future glacier changes. We present a detailed assessment of thickness distribution and total glacier volume for mainland Norway based on data and modelling. Glacier outlines from a Landsat-derived inventory from 1999 to 2006 covering an area of 2692 ± 81 km² were...

Université de Fribourg

Multi-decadal mass balance series of three Kyrgyz glaciers inferred from modelling constrained with repeated snow line observations

Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Azisov, Erlan ; Berthier, Etienne ; Kääb, Andreas ; Bolch, Tobias ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 6, p. 1899–1919

Glacier surface mass balance observations in the Tien Shan and Pamir are relatively sparse and often discontinuous. Nevertheless, glaciers are one of the most important components of the high-mountain cryosphere in the region as they strongly influence water availability in the arid, continental and intensely populated downstream areas. This study provides reliable and continuous surface mass...

Université de Fribourg

Re-analysis of seasonal mass balance at Abramov glacier 1968–2014

Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Sold, Leo ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Azisov, Erlan ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Merkushkin, Alexandr ; Hoelzle, Martin

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2015, vol. 61, no. 230, p. 1103–1117

Abramov glacier, located in the Pamir Alay, Kyrgyzstan, is a reference glacier within the Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers. Long-term glaciological measurements exist from 1968 to 1998 and a mass-balance monitoring programme was re-established in 2011. In this study we re-analyse existing mass-balance data and use a spatially distributed mass-balance model to provide continuous seasonal...

Université de Fribourg

The European mountain cryosphere: a review of its current state, trends, and future challenges

Beniston, Martin ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Stoffel, Markus ; Andreassen, Liss M. ; Coppola, Erika ; Eckert, Nicolas ; Fantini, Adriano ; Giacona, Florie ; Hauck, Christian ; Huss, Matthias ; Huwald, Hendrik ; Lehning, Michael ; López-Moreno, Juan-Ignacio ; Magnusson, Jan ; Marty, Christoph ; Morán-Tejéda, Enrique ; Morin, Samuel ; Naaim, Mohamed ; Provenzale, Antonello ; Rabatel, Antoine ; Six, Delphine ; Stötter, Johann ; Strasser, Ulrich ; Terzago, Silvia ; Vincent, Christian

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 759–794

The mountain cryosphere of mainland Europe is recognized to have important impacts on a range of environmental processes. In this paper, we provide an overview on the current knowledge on snow, glacier, and permafrost processes, as well as their past, current, and future evolution. We additionally provide an assessment of current cryosphere research in Europe and point to the different...

Université de Fribourg

Disappearing world heritage glaciers as a keystone of nature conservation in a changing climate

Bosson, J.‐B. ; Huss, Matthias ; Osipova, E.

In: Earth’s Future, 2019, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 469–479

Since 1972, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Convention aims to identify and protect sites of Outstanding Universal Value for future generations. However, growing impacts of climate change are of the utmost concern for the integrity of many sites. Here, we inventory the glaciers present in natural World Heritage sites for the first...

Université de Fribourg

Seismic activity and surface motion of a steep temperate glacier: a study on Triftgletscher, Switzerland

Dalban Canassy, Pierre ; Faillettaz, Jérome ; Walter, Fabian ; Huss, Matthias

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2012, vol. 58, no. 209, p. 513-528

The tongue of Triftgletscher, Switzerland, is particularly susceptible to major break-off events due to its steep slope. In order to detect precursors of such an event, we monitored the local seismic activity and detected 2426 icequakes with sources located in an area ranging between 2050 and 2350 m a.s.l. Events triggered by cracks and icefalls were recorded, but no precise distinction between...

Université de Fribourg

Proglacial erosion rates and processes in a glacierized catchment in the Swiss Alps

Delaney, Ian ; Bauder, Andreas ; Huss, Matthias ; Weidmann, Yvo

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2018, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 765–778

In the Swiss Alps, climatic changes have not only caused glacier retreat, but also likely increased sedimentation downstream of glaciers. This material either originates from below the glacier or from periglacial environments, which are exposed as glaciers retreat, and often consist of easily erodible sediment. Griesgletscher's catchment in the Swiss Alps was examined to quantify erosion in...

Université de Fribourg

Monitoring of seasonal glacier mass balance over the European Alps using low-resolution optical satellite images

Drolon, Vanessa ; Maisongrande, Philippe ; Berthier, Etienne ; Wwinnen, Else ; Huss, Matthias

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2016, vol. 62, no. 235, p. 912–927

We explore a new method to retrieve seasonal glacier mass balances (MBs) from low- resolution optical remote sensing. We derive annual winter and summer snow maps of the Alps during 1998–2014 using SPOT/VEGETATION 1 km resolution imagery. We combine these seasonal snow maps with a DEM to calculate a ‘mean regional’ altitude of snow (Z) in a region surrounding a glacier. Then, we compare...

Université de Fribourg

Snow accumulation distribution inferred from time-lapse photography and simple modelling

Farinotti, Daniel ; Magnusson, Jan ; Huss, Matthias ; Bauder, Andreas

In: Hydrological Processes, 2010, p. -

The spatial and temporal distribution of snow accumulation is complex and significantly influences the hydrological characteristics of mountain catchments. Many snow redistribution processes, such as avalanching, slushflow or wind drift, are controlled by topography, but their modelling remains challenging. In situ measurements of snow accumulation are laborious and generally have a coarse...