Université de Fribourg

Thrifty metabolism that favors fat storage after caloric restriction: a role for skeletal muscle phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity and AMP-activated protein kinase

Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Russell, A. P. ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Buchala, Anthony J. ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Faseb Journal, 2008, vol. 22, p. 774-785

Energy conservation directed at accelerating body fat recovery (or catch-up fat) contributes to obesity relapse after slimming and to excess fat gain during catch-up growth after malnutrition. To investigate the mechanisms underlying such thrifty metabolism for catch-up fat, we tested whether during refeeding after caloric restriction rats exhibiting catch-up fat driven by suppressed...

Université de Fribourg

β-Adrenergic control of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 repression in relation to sympathoadrenal regulation of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Giacobino, J. P. ; Boss, O. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2007, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 378–381

Mice lacking β-adrenoceptors, which mediate the thermogenic effects of norepinephrine and epinephrine, show diminished thermogenesis and high susceptibility to obesity, whereas mice lacking stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), which catalyzes the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, show enhanced thermogenesis and high resistance to obesity. In testing whether β-adrenergic...

Université de Fribourg

A role for skeletal muscle stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in control of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Summermatter, Serge ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Russell, Aaron P. ; Boss, Olivier ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: The FASEB Journal, 2006, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 1751-1753

An enhanced metabolic efficiency for accelerating the recovery of fat mass (or catch-up fat) is a characteristic feature of body weight regulation after weight loss or growth retardation and is the outcome of an "adipose-specific" suppression of thermogenesis, i.e., a feedback control system in which signals from the depleted adipose tissue fat stores exert a suppressive effect on thermogenesis....

Université de Fribourg

Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone directly stimulates thermogenesis in skeletal muscle possibly through substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation

Solinas, Giovanni ; Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Gubler, Marcel ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Smith, S. R. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Endocrinology, 2006, vol. 147(1), p. 31-38

The mechanisms by which CRH and related peptides (i.e. the CRH/urocortin system) exert their control over thermogenesis and weight regulation have until now focused only upon their effects on brain centers controlling sympathetic outflow. Using a method that involves repeated oxygen uptake determinations in intact mouse skeletal muscle, we report here that CRH can act directly on skeletal...

Université de Fribourg

The direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle thermogenesis is mediated by substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation

Solinas, Giovanni ; Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Gubler, Marcel ; Pirola, Luciano ; Wymann, Matthias P. ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane

In: FEBS Letters, 2004, vol. 577 (3), p. 539-544

We report here studies that integrate data of respiration rate from mouse skeletal muscle in response to leptin and pharmacological interference with intermediary metabolism, together with assays for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Our results suggest that the direct effect of leptin in stimulating thermogenesis in skeletal muscle is mediated by...