Université de Fribourg

Perspective: cardiovascular responses to sugar-sweetened beverages in humans: a narrative review with potential hemodynamic mechanisms

Monnard, Cathriona R ; Grasser, Erik Konrad

In: Advances in Nutrition, 2018, vol. 9, no. 2, p. 70–77

Cardiovascular diseases are still the primary cause of mortality worldwide, with high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes as major promoters. Over the past 3 decades, almost in parallel with the rise in cardiovascular disease incidence, the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has increased. In this context, SSBs are potential contributors to weight gain and increase the risk for...

Université de Fribourg

Water ingestion decreases cardiac workload time-dependent in healthy adults with no effect of gender

Monnard, Cathriona R. ; Grasser, Erik Konrad

In: Scientific Reports, 2017, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 7939

Ingestion of water entails a variety of cardiovascular responses. However, the precise effect remains elusive. We aimed to determine in healthy adults the effect of water on cardiac workload and to investigate potential gender differences. We pooled data from two controlled studies where blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were continuously recorded before and after the ingestion of...

Université de Fribourg

Postprandial hypotension in older adults: Can it be prevented by drinking water before the meal?

Grobéty, Bastien ; Grasser, Erik Konrad ; Yepuri, Gayathri ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Clinical Nutrition, 2015, vol. 34, no. 5, p. 885–891

Background & aimsAn important consequence of ageing is a tendency for postprandial blood pressure to decline, which can lead to fainting. As a possible countermeasure, we investigated in healthy older adults the impact of drinking water before a breakfast meal on postprandial cardiovascular and autonomic functions.MethodsAfter a stable cardiovascular baseline recording for at least 20 min,...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to tap water ingestion in young humans: does the water temperature matter?

Girona, M. ; Grasser, Erik Konrad ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Acta Physiologica, 2014, vol. 211, no. 2, p. 358–370

Aim: Drinking water induces short-term cardiovascular and metabolic changes. These effects are considered to be triggered by gastric distension and osmotic factors, but little is known about the influence of water temperature.Methods: We determined, in a randomized crossover study, the acute cardiovascular and metabolic responses to 500 mL of tap water at 3 °C (cold), 22 °C (room) and...

Université de Fribourg

Time course of cardiovascular responses induced by mental and orthostatic challenges

Lackner, Helmut Karl ; Goswami, Nandu ; Papousek, Ilona ; Roessler, Andreas ; Grasser, Erik Konrad ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Jezova, Daniela ; Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2010, vol. 75, no. 1, p. 48-53

Cardiovascular responses to single stressors diminish over time. Interaction of different stressors influencing hemodynamic variables, indicative of stress-induced reactivity and physiological responses are, however, poorly understood. We investigated time course of mental (using mental arithmetic, MA) and orthostatic (using head up tilt, HUT) challenges induced responses in 16 males. Three...