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Université de Fribourg

Climate change research in bilateral development programmes: experiences from India and Peru

Muccione, Veruska ; Orlowsky, Boris ; Allen, Simon K. ; Huggel, Christian ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Montoya, Nilton ; Randhawa, Surjeet Singh ; Stoffel, Markus

In: Development in Practice, 2019, vol. 29, no. 3, p. 336–348

This article reflects on the merits and shortfalls of bilateral research programmes aimed at strengthening climate change research capabilities, using the experience from two programmes, the PACC and IHCAP in Peru and India, respectively. The study highlights key aspects of these types of bilateral programmes, namely: capacity; performance, salary and appreciation; funding; bureaucracy and...

Université de Fribourg

Boron isotope composition of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa along the Norwegian margin: Zooming into a potential pH-proxy by combining bulk and high-resolution approaches

Jurikova, Hana ; Liebetrau, Volker ; Raddatz, Jacek ; Fietzke, Jan ; Trotter, Julie ; Rocholl, Alexander ; Krause, Stefan ; Mc Culloch, Malcolm ; Rüggeber, Andres ; Eisenhauer, Anton

In: Chemical Geology, 2019, vol. 513, p. 143–152

High-latitude cold-water coral reefs are particularly vulnerable to climate change due to enhanced CO2 uptake in these regions. To evaluate their physiological functioning and potential application as pH archives, we retrieved both recent and fossil samples of Lophelia pertusa along the Norwegian margin from Oslofjord (59°N), over to Trondheimsfjord, Sula and Lopphavet (70.6°N). Boron...

Université de Fribourg

Modelling the future evolution of glaciers in the European Alps under the EURO-CORDEX RCM ensemble

Zekollari, Harry ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 1125–1146

Glaciers in the European Alps play an important role in the hydrological cycle, act as a source for hydroelectricity and have a large touristic importance. The future evolution of these glaciers is driven by surface mass balance and ice flow processes, of which the latter is to date not included explicitly in regional glacier projections for the Alps. Here, we model the future evolution of...

Université de Fribourg

A consensus estimate for the ice thickness distribution of all glaciers on Earth

Farinotti, Daniel ; Huss, Matthias ; Fürst, Johannes J. ; Landmann, Johannes ; Machguth, Horst ; Maussion, Fabien ; Pandit, Ankur

In: Nature Geoscience, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 168–173

Knowledge of the ice thickness distribution of the world’s glaciers is a fundamental prerequisite for a range of studies. Projections of future glacier change, estimates of the available freshwater resources or assessments of potential sea-level rise all need glacier ice thickness to be accurately constrained. Previous estimates of global glacier volumes are mostly based on scaling...

Université de Fribourg

Analysis of temporal and spatial variations in hydrometeorological elements in the Yarkant River Basin, China

Wei, Ren-juan ; Peng, Liang ; Liang, Chuan ; Haemmig, Christoph ; Huss, Matthias ; Mu, Zhen-xia ; He, Ying

In: Journal of Water and Climate Change, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 167–180

Yarkant River is a tributary of Tarim River in China, and the basin lacks observational data. To investigate past climatic variations and predict future climate changes, precipitation, air temperature and runoff data from Kaqun hydrological station are analysed at monthly and seasonal scales using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Results show that DFA scaling exponents of monthly...

Université de Fribourg

Pleistocene sea-floor fibrous crusts and spherulites in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia)

Jaramillo‐Vogel, David ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Braga, Juan Carlos ; Schaegis, Jean‐Charles ; Atnafu, Balemwal ; Grobéty, Bernard ; Kidane, Tesfaye

In: Sedimentology, 2019, vol. 66, no. 2, p. 480–512

Pleistocene fibrous aragonite fabrics, including crusts and spherules, occur in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia) following the deposition of two distinctive Middle and Late Pleistocene coralgal reef units and pre‐dating the precipitation of evaporites. Crusts on top of the oldest reef unit (Marine Isotope Stage 7) cover and fill cavities within a red algal framework. The younger...

Université de Fribourg

To split or not to split Anthracotherium? A phylogeny of Anthracotheriinae (Cetartiodactyla: Hippopotamoidea) and its palaeobiogeographical implications

Scherler, Laureline ; Lihoreau, Fabrice ; Becker, Damien

In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2019, vol. 185, no. 2, p. 487–510

Since its first erection almost 200 years ago, palaeontologists have assigned to the genus Anthracotherium many species, some with dubious descriptions. Although it is a key taxon for specifying the invasion of Europe by terrestrial mammals during the well-studied Grande Coupure Event at the beginning of the Oligocene, the genus has never been reviewed before. A recent interest in the...

Université de Fribourg

Constraining hydrological model parameters using water isotopic compositions in a glacierized basin, Central Asia

He, Zhihua ; Unger-Shayesteh, Katy ; Vorogushyn, Sergiy ; Weise, Stephan M. ; Kalashnikov, Olga ; Gafurov, Abror ; Duethmann, Doris ; Barandun, Martina ; Merza, Bruno

In: Journal of Hydrology, 2019, vol. 571, p. 332–348

Water stable isotope signatures can provide valuable insights into the catchment internal runoff processes. However, the ability of the water isotope data to constrain the internal apportionments of runoff components in hydrological models for glacierized basins is not well understood. This study developed an approach to simultaneously model the water stable isotopic compositions and runoff...

Université de Fribourg

European practical and patient-centred guidelines for adult obesity management in primary care

Durrer Schutz, D. ; Busetto, L. ; Dicker, D. ; Farpour-Lambert, N. ; Pryke, R. ; Toplak, H. ; Widmer, D. ; Yumuk, V. ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obesity Facts, 2019, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 40–66

The first contact for patients with obesity for any medical treatment or other issues is generally with General Practitioners (GPs). Therefore, given the complexity of the disease, continuing GPs’ education on obesity management is essential. This article aims to provide obesity management guidelines specifically tailored to GPs, favouring a practical patient-centred approach. The focus is...