Université de Fribourg

Body composition, inflammation and thermogenesis in pathways to obesity and the metabolic syndrome: an overview

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Obesity Reviews, 2012, vol. 13, no. S2, p. 1–5

According to the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. What constitutes ‘abnormal’ fat accumulation in this definition is not specified, but this most likely represents a consensus term that encapsulates the importance of adipose tissue dysfunctions, rather than solely excess fat per se, in the...

Université de Fribourg

β-Adrenergic control of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 repression in relation to sympathoadrenal regulation of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Giacobino, J. P. ; Boss, O. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2007, vol. 31, no. 2, p. 378–381

Mice lacking β-adrenoceptors, which mediate the thermogenic effects of norepinephrine and epinephrine, show diminished thermogenesis and high susceptibility to obesity, whereas mice lacking stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), which catalyzes the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, show enhanced thermogenesis and high resistance to obesity. In testing whether β-adrenergic...

Université de Fribourg

Regulation of fat storage via suppressed thermogenesis: a thrifty phenotype that predisposes individuals with catch-up growth to insulin resistance and obesity

Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Hormone Research, 2006, vol. 65(suppl 3), p. 90–97

Catch-up growth during infancy and childhood is increasingly recognized as a major risk factor for later development of insulin-related complications and chronic diseases, namely abdominal obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As catch-up growth per se is characterized by insulin resistance, hyperinsulinaemia and an accelerated rate of fat storage (i.e., catch-up fat) even in the...