Université de Fribourg

Translational issues in targeting brown adipose tissue thermogenesis for human obesity management

Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2013, vol. 1302, no. 1, p. 1–10

The recent advancements in unraveling novel mechanisms that control the induction, (trans)differentiation, proliferation, and thermogenic activity and capacity of brown adipose tissue (BAT), together with the application of imaging techniques for human BAT visualization, have generated optimism that these advances will provide novel strategies for targeting BAT thermogenesis, leading to...

Université de Fribourg

Thrifty energy metabolism in catch-up growth trajectories to insulin and leptin resistance

Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 2008, vol. 22, no. 1, p. 155-171

Catch-up growth early in life (after fetal, neonatal or infantile growth retardation) is a major risk factor for later obesity, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. These risks are generally interpreted alongside teleological arguments that environmental exposures which hinder growth early in life lead to programming of ‘thrifty mechanisms’ that are adaptive during the period of...

Université de Fribourg

Fructose ingestion acutely elevates blood pressure in healthy young humans

Brown, Clive M. ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Yepuri, Gayathri ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 2008, vol. 294, p. R730-R737

Brown, Clive M.; Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland Dulloo, Abdul G.; Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland Yepuri, Gayathri; Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland Montani, and Jean-Pierre; Division of Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of...

Université de Fribourg

Thrifty metabolism that favors fat storage after caloric restriction: a role for skeletal muscle phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase activity and AMP-activated protein kinase

Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Russell, A. P. ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Buchala, Anthony J. ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Faseb Journal, 2008, vol. 22, p. 774-785

Energy conservation directed at accelerating body fat recovery (or catch-up fat) contributes to obesity relapse after slimming and to excess fat gain during catch-up growth after malnutrition. To investigate the mechanisms underlying such thrifty metabolism for catch-up fat, we tested whether during refeeding after caloric restriction rats exhibiting catch-up fat driven by suppressed...

Université de Fribourg

Regulation of fat storage via suppressed thermogenesis: a thrifty phenotype that predisposes individuals with catch-up growth to insulin resistance and obesity

Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Hormone Research, 2006, vol. 65(suppl 3), p. 90–97

Catch-up growth during infancy and childhood is increasingly recognized as a major risk factor for later development of insulin-related complications and chronic diseases, namely abdominal obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. As catch-up growth per se is characterized by insulin resistance, hyperinsulinaemia and an accelerated rate of fat storage (i.e., catch-up fat) even in the...

Université de Fribourg

Substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation: a thermogenic mechanism against skeletal muscle lipotoxicity and glucolipotoxicity

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Gubler, Marcel ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Solinas, Giovanni

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2004, vol. 28 (Suppl. 4), p. S29-S37

Life is a combustion, but how the major fuel substrates that sustain human life compete and interact with each other for combustion has been at the epicenter of research into the pathogenesis of insulin resistance ever since Randle proposed a 'glucose-fatty acid cycle' in 1963. Since then, several features of a mutual interaction that is characterized by both reciprocality and dependency between...