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Université de Neuchâtel

Drought-Induced Human Displacement in Turkey

Delju, Amir H. ; Piguet, Etienne ; Rebebez, Martine ; Ceylan, Abdullah

(Working Papers MAPS ; 5)

This paper analyses the correlation between drought spells, using the Standardized Precipitation Index and internal migration in rural communities in Turkey between 2007 and 2015. It aims to assess the quantified and evidencebased relationship between the compound effect of drought and migration in Turkey. As the correlation coefficient between the SPI and the Rate of Net Migration showed direct...

Université de Neuchâtel

Measurements of grammaticalization : developing a quantitative index for the study of grammatical change

Correia Saavedra, David ; Hilpert, Martin (Dir.) ; Petré, Peter (Codir.) ; Smirnova, Elena (Codir.) ; Smet, Hendrik de (Codir.) ; Hundt, Marianne (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

There is a broad consensus that grammaticalization is a process that is gradual and largely unidirectional: lexical elements acquire grammatical functions, and grammatical elements can undergo further grammaticalization (Hopper and Traugott 2003). This consensus is based on substantial cross-linguistic evidence. While most existing studies present qualitative evidence, this dissertation discusses...

Université de Neuchâtel

Meaning change in a petri dish: constructions, semantic vector spaces, and motion charts

Hilpert, Martin ; Perek, Florent

In: Linguistics Vanguard, 2015, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 339-350

This paper explores how the visualization tool of motion charts can be used for the analysis of meaning change in linguistic constructions. In previous work, linguistic motion charts have been used to represent diachronic frequency trends and changes in the morphosyntactic behavior of linguistic units. The present paper builds on that work, but it shifts the focus to the study of semantic change....

Université de Neuchâtel

Change in modal meanings: Another look at the shifting collocates of may

Hilpert, Martin

In: Constructions and Frames, 2016, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 66-85

This paper discusses how modal auxiliaries fit into a constructional view of language and how this view allows us to think in new ways about diachronic meaning change in modal auxiliaries. These issues will be illustrated on the basis of a diachronic corpus-based study of the modal auxiliary may, specifically on changes in its collocational preferences during the past 200 years. The main...

Université de Neuchâtel

Requalification d'un bail d'une durée déterminée

Conod, Philippe

In:, 2019, no. Juin, p. 1-4

Université de Neuchâtel

De-qualification and de-emancipation among recently arrived highly skilled immigrant women in Switzerland

Gerber, Sarah ; Wanner, Philippe

(nccr on the move ; 23)

Immigrants face numerous obstacles to integrating themselves into the Swiss labor market. One issue is the underutilization of skills, qualifications, and knowledge, which results in a brain waste for the migrants as well as for the Swiss society. This study examines the determinants of dequalificationand de-emancipation among the recently arrived highly skilled immigrant women in Switzerland....

Université de Neuchâtel

Leaving Sri Lanka again ? : migration intentions of Sri Lankans being back from Switzerland

Stuber, Lea ; Piguet, Etienne (Dir.)

Mémoire de master : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Many Sri Lankan nationals live in places outside Sri Lanka, among other reasons, due to the long-standing civil war. As the conflict ended in 2009, some of them decided ‘freely’ to return to Sri Lanka. However, others were forced to return to Sri Lanka as they weren’t granted asylum anymore. In the case of Switzerland and Sri Lanka, there exists no particular research on the social...

Université de Neuchâtel

Sub-100-fs Kerr lens mode-locked Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk laser oscillator operating at 21 W average power

Modsching, Norbert ; Drs, Jakub ; Fischer, Julien ; Paradis, Clément ; Labaye, François ; Gaponenko, Maxim ; Kränkel, Christian ; Wittwer, Valentin J ; Südmeyer, Thomas

In: Optics Express, 2019, vol. 27, no. 11, p. 16111-16120

We investigate power-scaling of a Kerr lens mode-locked (KLM) Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk laser (TDL) oscillator operating in the sub-100-fs pulse duration regime. Employing a scheme with higher round-trip gain by increasing the number of passes through the thin-disk gain element, we increase the average power by a factor of two and the optical-to-optical efficiency by a factor of...