Université de Neuchâtel

Referential Choices in a Collaborative Storytelling Task: Discourse Stages and Referential Complexity Matter

Fossard, Marion ; Achim, Amélie M. ; Rousier-Vercruyssen, Lucie ; Gonzalez, Sylvia ; Bureau, Alexandre ; Champagne-Lavau, Maud

In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2018, vol. 9, no. 176, p. 1-18

During a narrative discourse, accessibility of the referents is rarely fixed once and for all. Rather, each referent varies in accessibility as the discourse unfolds, depending on the presence and prominence of the other referents. This leads the speaker to use various referential expressions to refer to the main protagonists of the story at different moments in the narrative. This study relies...

Université de Neuchâtel

Adjustment of speaker’s referential expressions to an addressee’s likely knowledge and link with theory of mind abilities

Achim, Amélie M. ; Fossard, Marion ; Couture, Sophie ; Achim, André

In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, vol. 6, no. 823, p. 1-11

To communicate cooperatively, speakers must determine what constitutes the common ground with their addressee and adapt their referential choices accordingly. Assessing another person’s knowledge requires a social cognition ability termed theory of mind (ToM). This study relies on a novel referential communication task requiring probabilistic inferences of the knowledge already held by an...