Université de Fribourg

A culture medium for screening 16S rRNA methylase-producing pan-aminoglycoside resistant Gram-negative bacteria

Nordmann, Patrice ; Mazé, Alain ; Culebras, Esther ; Dobias, Jan ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 91, no. 2, p. 118–122

The amikacin plus gentamicin-containing SuperAminoglycoside medium was developed for screening multiple-aminoglycoside resistance in Gram-negative bacteria (Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii). It was evaluated using aminoglycoside-susceptible (n=12) and aminoglycoside-resistant (n=59) Gram-negative isolates, including 16S rRNA methylase producers (n=20)....

Université de Fribourg

Rapid polymyxin NP test for the detection of polymyxin resistance mediated by the MCR-1/MCR-2 genes

Poirel, Laurent ; Larpin, Yu ; Dobias, Jan ; Stephan, Roger ; Decousser, Jean-Winoc ; Madec, Jean-Yves ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 90, no. 1, p. 7–10

The Rapid Polymyxin NP test has been recently developed to rapidly detect polymyxin resistance in Enterobacteriaceae. Here we evaluated this test for detecting MCR- 1/MCR-2-producing Enterobacteriaceae using a collection of 70 non-redundant strains either recovered from the environment, animals, or humans. Sensitivity and specificity were found to be 100%.

Université de Fribourg

Activity of the novel siderophore cephalosporin cefiderocol against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens

Dobias, Jan ; Dénervaud-Tendon, Valérie ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 2017, p. 1–9

The novel siderophore cephalosporin cefiderocol (S-649266) with potent activity against Gram-negative pathogens was recently developed (Shionogi & Co., Ltd.). Here, we evaluated the activity of this new molecule and comparators against a collection of previously characterized Gram-negative isolates using broth microdilution panels. A total of 753 clinical multidrug-resistant Gram-negative...

Université de Fribourg

Cross-resistance to human cationic antimicrobial peptides and to polymyxins mediated by the plasmid-encoded MCR-1?

Dobias, Jan ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2017, p. -

To evaluate whether acquired resistance to cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMP) group molecules, being normal components of the human immune system, may select co-resistance to antibiotic peptides such as polymyxins, considering they share the same mechanism of action. We aimed to evaluate strains producing the recently identified plasmid-encoded polymyxin resistance determinant MCR-1,...

Université de Fribourg

Rapid Aminoglycoside NP test for rapid detection of multiple aminoglycoside resistance in Enterobacteriaceae

Nordmann, Patrice ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Dobias, Jan ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2017, p. JCM.02107-16

The Rapid Aminoglycoside NP (Nordmann/Poirel) test was developed to rapidly identify multiple aminoglycoside (AG) resistance in Enterobacteriaceae. It is based on the detection of the glucose metabolism related to enterobacterial growth in presence of a defined concentration of amikacin plus gentamicin. Formation of acid metabolites was evidenced by a color change (orange to yellow) of the...