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Université de Fribourg

Early and late cardiovascular and metabolic responses to mixed wine: effect of drink temperature

Sarafian, Delphine ; Maufrais, Claire ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2018, vol. 9, p. -

Aim: Red wine is usually ingested as an unmixed drink. However, mixtures of wine with juices and/or sucrose (mixed wine) are becoming more and more popular and could be ingested at either cold or hot temperature. Although the temperature effects on the cardiovascular system have been described for water and tea, with greater energy expenditure (EE) and lower cardiac workload with a colder...

Université de Fribourg

The contribution of Swiss scientists to the assessment of energy metabolism

Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018, vol. 72, no. 5, p. 665–679

Although Switzerland is considered a small country, it has its share in discoveries, inventions and developments for the assessment of energy metabolism. This includes seminal contributions to respiratory and metabolic physiology and to devices for measuring energy expenditure by direct and indirect calorimetry in vivo in humans and small animals (as well as in vitro in organs/tissues), for...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular responses to sugary drinks in humans: galactose presents milder cardiac effects than glucose or fructose

Charrière, Nathalie ; Loonam, Cathriona ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Grasser, Erik K.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 2017, vol. 56, no. 6, p. 2105–2113

PurposeThere is increasing interest into the potentially beneficial effects of galactose for obesity and type 2 diabetes management as it is a low-glycemic sugar reported to increase satiety and fat mobilization. However, fructose is also a low-glycemic sugar but with greater blood pressure elevation effects than after glucose ingestion. Therefore, we investigated here the extent to which the...