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Université de Fribourg

The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Colchero, Fernando ; Jones, Owen R. ; Conde, Dalia A. ; Hodgson, David ; Zajitschek, Felix ; Schmidt, Benedikt R. ; Malo, Aurelio F. ; Alberts, Susan C. ; Becker, Peter H. ; Bouwhuis, Sandra ; Bronikowski, Anne M. ; Vleeschouwer, Kristel M. ; Delahay, Richard J. ; Dummermuth, Stefan ; Fernández‐Duque, Eduardo ; Frisenvænge, John ; Hesselsøe, Martin ; Larson, Sam ; Lemaître, Jean‐François ; McDonald, Jennifer ; Miller, David A.W. ; O'Donnell, Colin ; Packer, Craig ; Raboy, Becky E. ; Reading, Chris J. ; Wapstra, Erik ; Weimerskirch, Henri ; While, Geoffrey M. ; Baudisch, Annette ; Flatt, Thomas ; Coulson, Tim ; Gaillard, Jean‐Michel

In: Ecology Letters, 2019, p. -

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect...

Université de Fribourg

More than “100 worst” alien species in Europe

Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Bacher, Sven ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Pyšek, Petr ; Vilà, Montserrat

In: Biological Invasions, 2018, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 1611–1621

“One hundred worst” lists of alien species of the greatest concern proved useful for raising awareness of the risks and impacts of biological invasions amongst the general public, politicians and stakeholders. All lists so far have been based on expert opinion and primarily aimed at representativeness of the taxonomic and habitat diversity rather than at quantifying the harm the alien...

Université de Fribourg

A local risk map using field observations of the Asian longhorned beetle to optimize monitoring activities

Fragnière, Yann ; Forster, B. ; Hölling, D. ; Wermelinger, B. ; Bacher, Sven

In: Journal of Applied Entomology, 2018, vol. 142, no. 6, p. 578–588

The Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is one of the most dangerous xylophagous pests affecting broadleaf trees in the world. Eradication programmes are undertaken in non-native regions, requiring extensive resources and involving high costs. An adapted strategy must be set up to optimize the ratio cost/probability of success. We...

Université de Fribourg

Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species

Roy, Helen E. ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Stewart, Alan ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Genovesi, Piero ; Essl, Franz ; Adriaens, Tim ; Bacher, Sven ; Booy, Olaf ; Branquart, Etienne ; Brunel, Sarah ; Copp, Gordon Howard ; Dean, Hannah ; D?hondt, Bram ; Josefsson, Melanie ; Kenis, Marc ; Kettunen, Marianne ; Linnamagi, Merike ; Lucy, Frances ; Martinou, Angeliki ; Moore, Niall ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Nieto, Ana ; Pergl, Jan ; Peyton, Jodey ; Roques, Alain ; Schindler, Stefan ; Schönrogge, Karsten ; Solarz, Wojciech ; Stebbing, Paul D. ; Trichkova, Teodora ; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ; Valkenburg, Johan van ; Zenetos, Argyro

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 526–538

Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk assessments underpin IAS policies in many ways: informing legislation; providing justification of restrictions in trade or consumer activities; prioritizing surveillance and rapid...

Université de Fribourg

The perfect mixing paradox and the logistic equation: Verhulst vs. Lotka

Arditi, Roger ; Bersier, Louis-Félix ; Rohr, Rudolf P.

In: Ecosphere, 2016, vol. 7, no. 11, p. e01599

A theoretical analysis of density-dependent population dynamics in two patches sheds novel light on our understanding of basic ecological parameters. Firstly, as already highlighted in the literature, the use of the traditional r-K parameterization for the logistic equation (due to Lotka and Gause) can lead to paradoxical situations. We show that these problems do not exist with Verhulst's...

Université de Fribourg

Climatic suitability ranking of biological control candidates: a biogeographic approach for ragweed management in Europe

Sun, Yan ; Brönnimann, Olivier ; Roderick, George K. ; Poltavsky, Alexander ; Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Ecosphere, 2017, vol. 8, no. 4, p. -

Biological control using natural antagonists has been a most successful management tool against alien invasive plants that threaten biodiversity. The selection of candidate agents remains a critical step in a biocontrol program before more elaborate and time- consuming experiments are conducted. Here, we propose a biogeographic approach to identify candidates and combinations of candidates to...

Université de Fribourg

Scientific and normative foundations for the valuation of alien-species impacts: thirteen core principles

Essl, Franz ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Keller, Reuben ; Pyšek, Petr ; Richardson, David M. ; Saul, Wolf-Christian ; Bacher, Sven ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Estévez, Rodrigo A. ; Kueffer, Christoph ; Roy, Helen E. ; Seebens, Hanno ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang

In: BioScience, 2017, vol. 67, no. 2, p. 166–178

Biological invasions cause many impacts that differ widely in how they are perceived. We argue that many conflicts in the valuation of the impacts of alien species are attributable to differences in the framing of the issue and implicit assumptions—such conflicts are often not acknowledged. We present 13 principles that can help guide valuation and therefore inform the management of alien...

Université de Fribourg

The effect of top‐predator presence and phenotype on aquatic microbial communities

Sullam, Karen E. ; Matthews, Blake ; Aebischer, Thierry ; Seehausen, Ole ; Bürgmann, Helmut

In: Ecology and Evolution, 2017, vol. 7, no. 5, p. 1572–1582

The presence of predators can impact a variety of organisms within the ecosystem, including microorganisms. Because the effects of fish predators and their phenotypic differences on microbial communities have not received much attention, we tested how the presence/absence, genotype, and plasticity of the predatory three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) influence aquatic microbes in...