Faculté des sciences

Microcrystalline/micromorph silicon thin-film solar cells prepared by VHF-GD technique

Meier, Johannes ; Vallat-Sauvain, Evelyne ; Dubail, S. ; Kroll, U. ; Dubail, J. ; Golay, S. ; Feitknecht, Luc ; Torres, Pedro ; Faÿ, Sylvie ; Fischer, D. ; Shah, Arvind

In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2001, vol. 66, no. 1-4, p. 73-84

Hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon prepared at low temperatures by the glow discharge technique is examined here with respect to its role as a new thin-film photovoltaic absorber material. XRD and TEM characterisations reveal that microcrystalline silicon is a semiconductor with a very complex morphology. Microcrystalline p–i–n cells with open-circuit voltages of up to 560–580 mV could... Plus

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    Summary
    Hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon prepared at low temperatures by the glow discharge technique is examined here with respect to its role as a new thin-film photovoltaic absorber material. XRD and TEM characterisations reveal that microcrystalline silicon is a semiconductor with a very complex morphology. Microcrystalline p–i–n cells with open-circuit voltages of up to 560–580 mV could be prepared. “Micromorph” tandem solar cells show under outdoor conditions higher short-circuit currents due to the enhanced blue spectra of real sun light and therefore higher efficiencies than under AM1.5 solar simulator conditions. Furthermore, a weak air mass dependence of the short-circuit current density could be observed for such micromorph tandem solar cells. By applying the monolithic series connection based on laser patterning a first micromorph mini-module (total area of 23.6 cm2) with 9% cell conversion efficiency could be fabricated.