Faculté des sciences

Note on two-phase phenomena in financial markets

Jiang, Shi-Mei ; Cai, Shi-Min ; Zhou, Tao ; Zhou, Pei-Ling

In: Chinese Physics Letters, 2008, vol. 25, no. 6, p. 2319-2322

The two-phase behaviour in financial markets actually means the bifurcation phenomenon, which represents the change of the conditional probability from an unimodal to a bimodal distribution. We investigate the bifurcation phenomenon in Hang–Seng index. It is observed that the bifurcation phenomenon in financial index is not universal, but specific under certain conditions. For Hang–Seng index... Plus

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    Summary
    The two-phase behaviour in financial markets actually means the bifurcation phenomenon, which represents the change of the conditional probability from an unimodal to a bimodal distribution. We investigate the bifurcation phenomenon in Hang–Seng index. It is observed that the bifurcation phenomenon in financial index is not universal, but specific under certain conditions. For Hang–Seng index and randomly generated time series, the phenomenon just emerges when the power-law exponent of absolute increment distribution is between 1 and 2 with appropriate period. Simulations on a randomly generated time series suggest the bifurcation phenomenon itself is subject to the statistics of absolute increment, thus it may not be able to reflect essential financial behaviours. However, even under the same distribution of absolute increment, the range where bifurcation phenomenon occurs is far different from real market to artificial data, which may reflect certain market information.