Faculté des sciences

Hydrogen in amorphous and microcrystalline silicon films prepared by hydrogen dilution

Kroll, U. ; Meier, J. ; Shah, Arvind ; Mikhailov, S. ; Weber, J.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, 1996, vol. 80, no. 9, p. 4971-4975

Hydrogen incorporation in silicon layers prepared by plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition using silane dilution by hydrogen has been studied by infrared spectroscopy (IR) and elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA). The large range of silane dilution investigated can be divided into an amorphous and a microcrystalline zone. These two zones are separated by a narrow transition zone at a... Plus

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    Summary
    Hydrogen incorporation in silicon layers prepared by plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition using silane dilution by hydrogen has been studied by infrared spectroscopy (IR) and elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA). The large range of silane dilution investigated can be divided into an amorphous and a microcrystalline zone. These two zones are separated by a narrow transition zone at a dilution level of 7.5%; here, the structure of the material cannot be clearly identified. The films in/near the amorphous/microcrystalline transition zone show a considerably enhanced hydrogen incorporation. Moreover, comparison of IR and ERDA and film stress measurements suggests that these layers contain a substantial amount of molecular hydrogen probably trapped in microvoids. In this particular case the determination of the total H content by IR spectroscopy leads to substantial errors. At silane concentrations below 6%, the hydrogen content decreases sharply and the material becomes progressively microcrystalline. The features observed in the IR-absorption modes can be clearly assigned to mono- and/or dihydride bonds on (100) and (111) surfaces in silicon crystallites. The measurements presented here constitute a further indication for the validity of the proportionality constant of Shanks et al. [Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 43 (1980)], generally used to estimate the hydrogen content in ``conventional'' amorphous silicon films from IR spectroscopy; additionally, they indicate that this proportionality constant is also valid for the microcrystalline samples.