Faculté des sciences

Metabolism of ecdysteroids during the vitellogenesis of the tick Ornithodoros moubata (Ixodoidea, Argasidae): Accumulation of apolar metabolites in the eggs

Connat, Jean-Louis ; Diehl, Peter A. ; Morici, M

In: General and Comparative Endocrinology, 1984, vol. 56, no. 1, p. 100-110

The fate of injected [3H]ecdysone ([3H]E) and 20-hydroxy-[3H]ecdysone ([3H]20E) has been investigated in the female tick Ornithodoros moubata (Murray, 1877; sensu Walton, 1962). When injected into fed mated vitellogenic females, [3H]E is converted into [3H]20E and two apolar classes of metabolites, AP1 and AP2. Injected... Plus

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    Summary
    The fate of injected [3H]ecdysone ([3H]E) and 20-hydroxy-[3H]ecdysone ([3H]20E) has been investigated in the female tick Ornithodoros moubata (Murray, 1877; sensu Walton, 1962). When injected into fed mated vitellogenic females, [3H]E is converted into [3H]20E and two apolar classes of metabolites, AP1 and AP2. Injected [3H]20E is directly converted into AP1 and AP2. AP2 is incorporated into the ovaries in a high proportion and at the end of the vitellogenic cycle represents about 25% of the total label recovered from the animal. The fate of labeled hormones injected into virgin females which perform an abortive vitellogenic cycle is quite similar. However, the ovaries incorporated less of the AP2 products. Ovaries of mated females cultured in vitro in the presence of [3H]E are able to produce [3H]20E and AP2. AP2 is incorporated, while [3H]20E is mainly found in the medium. Ovaries of virgin females presented a slower rate of transformation and of incorporation of the label. Labeled AP2 is recovered in freshly laid eggs and AP1 in the females after oviposition. AP1 and AP2 can produce [3H]20E, [3H]E, and other minor polar peaks when submitted to hydrolysis by esterase. It is concluded that the female O. moubata possesses a special enzymatic mechanism for transformation of ecdysteroids into apolar products and for selective incorporation of AP2 into the ovaries. These products are present in the freshly laid eggs and could play a role during embryogenesis.