Faculté des sciences

Bound-to-continuum and two-phonon resonance, quantum-cascade lasers for high duty cycle, high-temperature operation

Faist, Jérôme ; Hofstetter, Daniel ; Beck, Mattias ; Aellen, Thierry ; Rochat, Michel ; Blaser, Stéphane

In: Journal of Quantum Electronics (IEEE), 2002, vol. 38, no. 6, p. 533-546

Recent advances in quantum-cascade (QC) laser active-region design are reviewed. Based on a rate equation model of the active region, we show why new gain regions. based on a two-phonon resonance or a bound-to-continuum transition exhibit significantly better performance than the traditional design based on a three-quantum-well active region. Threshold current densities as low as 3... Plus

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    Summary
    Recent advances in quantum-cascade (QC) laser active-region design are reviewed. Based on a rate equation model of the active region, we show why new gain regions. based on a two-phonon resonance or a bound-to-continuum transition exhibit significantly better performance than the traditional design based on a three-quantum-well active region. Threshold current densities as low as 3 kA/cm2 at T = 300 K, operation with a peak power of 90 mW at 425 K, single-mode high-power operation up to temperatures above 330 K at λ ≈ 16 μm and continuous wave operation up to T = 311 K are demonstrated. QC lasers able to operate at high duty cycles (50%) on a Peltier cooler were used in a demonstration of a 300-MHz free-space optical link between two buildings separated by 350 m.