Faculté des sciences

Structural and optical properties of epitaxially overgrown third-order gratings for InGaN/GaN-based distributed feedback lasers

Romano, Linda T. ; Hofstetter, Daniel ; McCluskey, Matthew D. ; Bour, David P. ; Kneissl, Michael

In: Applied Physics Letters, 1998, vol. 73, p. 2706-2708

Laser-diode heterostructures of InGaAlN containing a third-order diffraction grating for distributed optical feedback have been examined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The grating was defined holographically and etched by chemically assisted ion-beam etching into the upper GaN confinement layer of the laser structure. After the etch step, it... Plus

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    Summary
    Laser-diode heterostructures of InGaAlN containing a third-order diffraction grating for distributed optical feedback have been examined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The grating was defined holographically and etched by chemically assisted ion-beam etching into the upper GaN confinement layer of the laser structure. After the etch step, it was overgrown with an Al0.08Ga0.92N upper cladding layer. Threading dislocations were present that initiated at the sapphire substrate, but no new dislocations were observed at the grating/Al0.08Ga0.92N interface. A comparison of TEM and SEM micrographs reveals that there is a compositional gradient in the AlGaN upper cladding layer; however, calculations show that it did not reduce the optical coupling coefficient of the grating.