Faculté des sciences

On the specific double-layer capacitance of activated carbons, in relation to their structural and chemical properties

Centeno, Teresa A. ; Stoeckli, Fritz

In: Journal of Power Sources, 2006, vol. 154, no. 1, p. 314-320

Twelve well-characterized activated carbons with average micropore widths between 0.7 and 2 nm, total surface areas of 378–1270 m2g−1 and specific capacitances C up to 320 F g−1 have been investigated, using H2SO4 2 M as electrolyte. Some of the carbons have also been oxidized with (NH4)2S2O8,... Plus

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    Summary
    Twelve well-characterized activated carbons with average micropore widths between 0.7 and 2 nm, total surface areas of 378–1270 m2g−1 and specific capacitances C up to 320 F g−1 have been investigated, using H2SO4 2 M as electrolyte. Some of the carbons have also been oxidized with (NH4)2S2O8, which leads to specific oxygen contents between 0.4 and 7.1 μmol m−2 of carbon surface area. It appears that Co, the limiting capacitance at a current density of 1 mA cm−2 of electrode surface, does not depend significantly on the oxygen content. An empirical equation is proposed to describe the decrease of C with increasing current density d (1–70 mA cm−2 of electrode surface), as a function of the oxygen content.

    As suggested by different authors, Co can be expressed as a sum of contributions from the external surface area Se and the surface of the micropores Smi. A closer investigation shows that Co/Smi increases with the pore size and reaches values as high as 0.250–0.270 F m−2 for supermicropores. It is suggested that the volume Wo* of the electrolyte found between the surface layers in pores wider than 0.7–0.8 nm contributes to Co. However, this property is limited to microporosity, like the enthalpy of immersion of the carbons into benzene. The latter is also correlated to Co, which provides a useful means to identify potential supercapacitors.