Faculté des sciences

Improvements in diffraction efficiency of gratings and microlenses with continuous relief structures

Kuittinen, Markku ; Herzig, Hans-Peter ; Ehbets, Peter

In: Optics Communications, 1995, vol. 120, no. 5-6, p. 230-234

The fabrication of diffractive optical elements by laser-beam writing or gray-tone technology leads to continuous-relief phase elements. The diffraction efficiency of such elements is limited by the resolution of the process. In this paper, we compare the continuous-relief elements with the multilevel elements fabricated by binary technology. In particular, we will show that for similar sampling... Plus

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    Summary
    The fabrication of diffractive optical elements by laser-beam writing or gray-tone technology leads to continuous-relief phase elements. The diffraction efficiency of such elements is limited by the resolution of the process. In this paper, we compare the continuous-relief elements with the multilevel elements fabricated by binary technology. In particular, we will show that for similar sampling resolution of the ideal phase function, the continuous profiles have higher efficiencies than the multilevel profiles if the designed phase modulation is 4π and more.