Faculté des sciences

Surface profiles of reflow microlenses under the influence of surface tension and gravity

Schilling, Andreas ; Merz, Roman ; Ossmann, Christian ; Herzig, Hans-Peter

In: Optical Engineering, 2000, vol. 39, no. 8, p. 2171-2176

We present a finite-element method to calculate 3-D surface profiles of refractive microlenses fabricated by melting-resist technology (reflow technique). The geometry of the microlenses can be arbitrary. Surface tension and gravity are taken into account. Gravity can have an advantageous influence on the profile form, so that smaller focal spots can be achieved. A simple scaling law is given to... Plus

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    Summary
    We present a finite-element method to calculate 3-D surface profiles of refractive microlenses fabricated by melting-resist technology (reflow technique). The geometry of the microlenses can be arbitrary. Surface tension and gravity are taken into account. Gravity can have an advantageous influence on the profile form, so that smaller focal spots can be achieved. A simple scaling law is given to estimate the influence of gravity on the profile form for given microlens parameters. We compared various theoretical and measured surface profiles of microlenses fabricated by melting-resist technology and found good agreement. Finally, the usefulness of this method for the design of refractive microstructures for smart masks is shown.