Faculté des sciences

Characterization of photonic crystal waveguides based on Fabry-Pérot interference

Märki, Iwan ; Salt, Martin Guy ; Stanley, Ross ; Staufer, Urs ; Herzig, Hans-Peter

In: Journal of Applied Physics, 2004, vol. 96, no. 12, p. 6966-6969

We present two methods based on the analysis of Fabry-Pérot interference for a detailed characterization of a 90° corner in a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in a thin Si membrane. These methods are a means of identifying the critical waveguide elements in the process of improving photonic crystal devices. The effects of the elements forming the photonic crystal waveguide... Plus

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    Summary
    We present two methods based on the analysis of Fabry-Pérot interference for a detailed characterization of a 90° corner in a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in a thin Si membrane. These methods are a means of identifying the critical waveguide elements in the process of improving photonic crystal devices. The effects of the elements forming the photonic crystal waveguide are identified and quantified by means of a stage-by-stage analysis. By Fourier transforming the transmission spectra we observe the amount of light that is back reflected inside the waveguide and based on the fringe contrast of the Fabry-Pérot modulation we calculate the loss contribution of each waveguide element, such as the tapers and the 90° corner.