Faculté des sciences

Arrays of High Tilt-Angle Micromirrors for Multiobject Spectroscopy

Waldis, S. ; Zamkotsian, F. ; Clerc, P.-A. ; Noell, W. ; Zickar, M. ; de Rooij, Nicolaas F.

In: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 2007, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 168-176

Micromirror arrays are promising components for generating reflective slit masks in future multiobject spectrographs. The micromirrors, 100 μm times200 μm in size, are etched in bulk single crystal silicon, whereas a hidden suspension is realized by surface micromachining. The micromirrors are actuated electrostatically by electrodes located on a second chip. The use of silicon on insulator... Plus

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    Summary
    Micromirror arrays are promising components for generating reflective slit masks in future multiobject spectrographs. The micromirrors, 100 μm times200 μm in size, are etched in bulk single crystal silicon, whereas a hidden suspension is realized by surface micromachining. The micromirrors are actuated electrostatically by electrodes located on a second chip. The use of silicon on insulator (SOI) wafers for both mirror and electrode chip ensures thermal compatibility for cryogenic operation. A system of multiple landing beams has been developed, which latches the mirror at a well-defined tilt angle when actuated. Arrays of 5times5 micromirrors have been realized. The tilt angle obtained is 20deg at a pull-in voltage of 90 V. Measurements with an optical profiler showed that the tilt angle of the actuated and locked mirror is stable with a precision of 1 arcmin over a range of 15 V. This locking system makes the tilt angle independent from process variations across the wafer and, thus, provides uniform tilt angle over the whole array. The surface quality of the mirrors in actuated state is better than 10-nm peak to valley and the local roughness is about 1-nm root mean square.