Faculté de biologie et de médecine

Regulation of the expression of Nav1.5, the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel

Gavillet, Bruno ; Abriel, Hugues (Dir.) ; Rossier, Bernard C. (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Lausanne, 2006.

The cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5 plays a key role in cardiac excitability and conduction. Its importance for normal cardiac function has been highlighted by descriptions of numerous mutations of SCN5A (the gene encoding Nav1.5), causing cardiac arrhythmias which can lead to sudden cardiac death. The general aim of my PhD research project has been to investigate the regulation of Nav1.5 along two... Plus

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    Summary
    The cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5 plays a key role in cardiac excitability and conduction. Its importance for normal cardiac function has been highlighted by descriptions of numerous mutations of SCN5A (the gene encoding Nav1.5), causing cardiac arrhythmias which can lead to sudden cardiac death. The general aim of my PhD research project has been to investigate the regulation of Nav1.5 along two main axes: (1) We obtained experimental evidence revealing an interaction between Nav1.5 and a multiprotein complex comprising dystrophin. The first part of this study reports the characterization of this interaction. (2) The second part of the study is dedicated to the regulation of the cardiac sodium channel by the mineralocorticoid hormone named aldosterone. (1) Early in this study, we showed that Nav1.5 C-terminus was associated with dystrophin and that this interaction was mediated by syntrophin proteins. We used dystrophin-deficient mdx5cv mice to study the role of this interaction. We reported that dystrophin deficiency led to a reduction of both Nav1.5 protein level and the sodium current (INa). We also found that mdx5cv mice displayed atrial and ventricular conduction defects. Our results also indicated that proteasome inhibitor MG132 treatment of mdx5cv mice rescued Nav1.5 protein level and INa in cardiac tissue. (2) We showed that aldosterone treatment of mice cardiomyocytes led to an increase of the sodium current with no modification of Nav1.5 transcript and protein level. Altogether, these results suggest that the sodium current can be increased by distribution of intracellular pools of protein to the plasma membrane (e.g. upon aldosterone stimulation) and that interaction with dystrophin multiprotein complex is required for the stabilization of the channel at the plasma membrane. Finally, we obtained preliminary results suggesting that the proteasome could regulate Nav1.5 in mdx5cv mice. This study defines regulatory mechanisms of Nav1.5 which could play an important role in cardiac arrhythmia and bring new insight in cardiac conduction alterations observed in patients with dystrophinopathies. Moreover, this work suggests that Brugada syndrome, and some of the cardiac alterations seen in Duchenne patients may be caused by overlapping molecular mechanisms leading to a reduction of the cardiac sodium current.