Faculté des sciences

Characterization of Ferredoxin:Thioredoxin Reductase Modified by Site-directed Mutagenesis

Glauser, Dominique A. ; Bourquin, Florence ; Manieri, Wanda ; Schürmann, Peter

In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004, vol. 277, no. 24, p. 16662-16669

Ferredoxin:thioredoxin reductase (FTR) is a key regulatory enzyme of oxygenic photosynthetic cells involved in the reductive regulation of important target enzymes. It catalyzes the two-electron reduction of the disulfide of thioredoxins with electrons from ferredoxin involving a 4Fe-4S cluster and an adjacent active-site disulfide. We replaced Cys-57, Cys-87, and His-86 in the active site of... More

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    Summary
    Ferredoxin:thioredoxin reductase (FTR) is a key regulatory enzyme of oxygenic photosynthetic cells involved in the reductive regulation of important target enzymes. It catalyzes the two-electron reduction of the disulfide of thioredoxins with electrons from ferredoxin involving a 4Fe-4S cluster and an adjacent active-site disulfide. We replaced Cys-57, Cys-87, and His-86 in the active site of Synechocystis FTR by site-directed mutagenesis and studied the properties of the mutated proteins. Mutation of either of the active-site cysteines yields inactive enzymes, which have different spectral properties, indicating a reduced Fe-S cluster when the inaccessible Cys-87 is replaced and an oxidized cluster when the accessible Cys-57 is replaced. The oxidized cluster in the latter mutant can be reversibly reduced with dithionite showing that it is functional. The C57S mutant is a very stable protein, whereas the C87A mutant is more labile because of the missing interaction with the cluster. The replacement of His-86 greatly reduces its catalytic activity supporting the proposal that His-86 increases the nucleophilicity of the neighboring cysteine. Ferredoxin forms non-covalent complexes with wild type (WT) and mutant FTRs, which are stable except with the C87A mutant. WT and mutant FTRs form stable covalent heteroduplexes with active-site modified thioredoxins. In particular, heteroduplexes formed with WT FTR represent interesting one-electron-reduced reaction intermediates, which can be split by reduction of the Fe-S cluster. Heteroduplexes form non-covalent complexes with ferredoxin demonstrating the ability of FTR to simultaneously dock thioredoxin and ferredoxin, which is in accord with the proposed reaction mechanism and the structural analyses.